Florida phosphate dilemma began a lifetime ago, when fate and the Army Corps of Engineers had to disclose a valuable resource called phosphate (4). Few Floridians know, born phosphate industry Florida.
Florida phosphate industry can trace its roots back to the Coronet phosphate company started in 1906, (4) production was a little over the years, because the extraction of phosphate while back-breaking work with picks, shovels and wheelbarrows in mosquito infested areas. In the mid-20th century (2), phosphate mining changed forever, the introduction line resistance.
The history of the mining industry continues in the 1950s Smith Douglas Corp., located in Norfolk, Virginia about 1960. Agrika Chemical Co. bought and operates phosphate mines to 1973. At that time, Gardinier, a French mining company has acquired and manages the main Florida phosphate mine. (1)
I remember Gardinier phosphate trucks passing through the city of Brandon, Florida State Road on Highway 60 in the 1970s. In the southwestern part of Central Florida, Highway 60 & # 39; is a major freight route of the largest phosphate mines in Bartoli and Mulberry, and other sites, as well as the delivery port in Tampa, Florida.
In 1985, Cargill Fertilizer, Inc. bought and operated phosphate mines until 1994, when Mosaic Co. acquired phosphate mine and still owns them today.
As you can see, the phosphate industry since the 1950s to the present day has passed environmental catastrophe to the next owner of the mining company, one after another for more than 70 years. That is how long it took to build the mountainous stacks of gypsum we see today in the Florida landscape. Radioactive gypsum stacks took a generation to do.
Over the last 70 years, you may ask, where are the elected officials in Florida are? elected officials stand with Florida phosphate industry for decades. Florida's elected officials and the owners of the phosphate mine love money enough to fight with the federal government, the draft EPA Superfund, and countless trials of the environment on the basis of keeping mines open for business, seemingly oblivious to the residents of Florida.
elected officials in Florida say that the phosphate industry is too important to the economy of the state to impose fines or force the phosphate industry to neutralize their strong man-made environmental disasters. Can I say to elected officials in Florida do not protect their components for all the strong dollar? You bet your bottom myself. These statements are based on well-known facts, and not just my opinion, as you see, please read on.
The following example will give you some idea of the political power in the phosphate mining. In 2003, EPA officials said the potential problem in Lakeland, Florida. The problem was so bad that they (EPA) reviewed certain subsections in Lakeland, Florida, to be candidates for the extra cleaning action. In addition, low-income and minority communities may also be affected, internal documents show.
However, elected officials in Florida intervened, and the project agency (EPA) Superfund made a little more in the way of studying this issue for the next decade. Locals kept from hearing problems EPA, and have not made any remedial measures. In addition, no local news or national news branch did not mention the contaminated residential properties in Lakeland, Florida subsections. How can this be, you ask?
Industry owners phosphate mine in Florida, which is the champion of the second largest manufacturing industry revenue in Florida (2), made it known that they are strongly opposed to EPA declaring parcels Superfund sites. Such a move would make the mining companies responsible for up to $ 11 billion in cleanup costs, according to the estimates of the potential of the & # 39; the volume of pollution that the Inspector General of the EPA, included in the 2004 report.
EPA gave its argument after years of battle with Florida politicians and phosphate industry officials on cleaning phosphate mining toxic waste "in an area that can put more than 100,000 residents levels of radiation that cause cancer.» EPA claims and leave his elected officials in Florida, to decide the fate of sites in and around Lakeland, Florida.
As described above, the EPA made a little not to escalate the issue to the Lakeland area until 2010 sites, the agency documents show. Currently, EPA officials have estimated that as many as 120,000 residents living in the homes of 40,000 exposed to potentially dangerous levels of radiation. (3)
After reporting in 2010 on the confrontation between politicians of Florida and the environment, the EPA officials have started to build aerial radiation plan, which was to give them an opportunity to get a better idea of the scope and Sur & # 39; oznastsi any contamination (3). Nevertheless, progress has stalled after a group of "pressure" politicians Florida Sun EPA to conduct a survey.
elected officials in Florida said they do not believe the direct impact of radiation from the soil & # 39 is a significant risk. Florida officials said radium contaminated soil do not cause trouble, but in the room of radium should be sent instead.
Removal of radon pollution indoors is generally cheaper than cleaning up the contaminated soil. Indoor radon contamination can often be cleaned with the installation of ventilation systems in the purification of radium-contaminated soil may require large-scale projects of excavation at huge costs.
Based on EPA, focusing on radon, but soil contamination is not so, the federal government, as a rule, address the infected site. EPA believes that this approach does not account for gamma rays irradiation residents, and does not consider the risk of inhalation or ingestion of contaminated soils.
In addition, the level of tests EPA, that elected officials in Florida say they will use to determine whether the pollution control measures required in the indoor radon entirely based on the opinions of health. Instead, it is based on how much radon modern ventilation technology is able to eliminate.
According to the federal agency's Web site, and not a "safe" level of exposure to radon. (3) The US Congress passed a law in 1988, setting a goal of reducing radon levels in areas with between 0.2 and 0.7 picocuries per liter, but the technology required to achieve this did not exist.
Even if the Superfund program in EPE does take into account the amount of radon gas entering homes, a decision related to the elimination of pollution are pleased to man-made, as a rule, mainly due to how much radioactive materials in the soil. EPA can be blown due to political pressure and the lack of their "All control structure" pleased for the purification of contaminated soils.
1. The acquisition of History | The state of the Earth | Florida DEP.
2. Status Florida.com
3. State Library and Archives of Florida
4. Memory Florida. ball