National Register of Historic Places – David Syme House – Sycamore, Illinois – Historic Architecture

If you find yourself in the Sycamore, Illinois area with nothing to do, more specifically if you find yourself in the 800 block of Somonauk Street in Sycamore, undetected viewing the Chauncey Ellwood House and Esther Mae Nesbitt House, you could walk south. Walk until you hit the 400 block. At 420 Somonauk is the stylly David Syme House. It's a Queen Anne style home that is part of a group known as "painted ladies" (wiki-not the greatest but good enough).

The David Syme House was designed by architect George O. Garnsey, who designed several other prominent local structures, as well as buildings in other Illinois communities (more on both topics in other articles by me). Garnsey was a Chicago-based architect who helped design many buildings after the Great Chicago Fire and what is the current current Illinois State Capitol.

The Syme house has two predominant circular turrets, common on Queen Anne style houses. The Syme House also has a hipped roof (wiki) with cross gables (wiki), a feature found on about 50 percent of Queen Anne style homes.

David Syme came to Sycamore in 1868 and the home at 420 Somonauk cost him about $ 8,000 around 1880. Syme served as a local bank president as well as mayor and president of the Sycamore School Board.

Sycamore, Illinois is a city of approximately 15,000 residents, located in DeKalb County, of which it is the county seat. Sycamore was settled in 1835, primarily north of the Kishwaukee River.

Sycamore is well worth the visit for any architecture student, history buff or photo-journalist. The National Register of Historic Places is an excellent combination of the two feilds well worth the look for connisuers of either specialty.

Guide to Pensacola, Florida

Located in the northwest Florida ten miles from the Alabama state line on its panhandle, Pensacola, rich historical, military aircraft, as well as natural attractions, all with signature sun, sand, sea and water sports in Florida.


Although St. Augustine, on the east and the Atlantic coast of Florida, considered the oldest city in the United States and took root after the admiral Pedro Menendez de Aviles swam to it and created a colony of Pensacola in the west of the state, or in the Gulf of Mexico side, could have claimed the title when his own settlement continued.

Six years ago, in August 1559, the Spanish explorer Tristan de Luna dropped his anchor in the vicinity of a local tribe called «Panzacola» for the «long-haired people" for the purpose of Luis de Velasco, the Mexican Deputy Spain procedure for creating settlements in the Gulf.

Well of and ready, it was equipped with 11 ships and 1500 brought the unfortunate colonists, among whom were African slaves and Mexican Indians. But the story has been forced to take the wrong fork in the road, when on February storm destroyed eight ships de Luna on 19 September.

However, in an attempt to rescue the expedition, he sent one of them to Veracruz, Mexico, to call for help, leaving immigrant existence drags ashore and survive, draining supplies they brought. However, instead of having to re-autotune colonists, ships arriving a year later, only rescued the survivors, taking them to Havana, leaving little more than a military outpost until the spring of 1561. By August, a handful of soldiers refused new land and returned to Mexico, considering it too dangerous for the settlement.

Despite the fact that knowledge is at the time a claim to fame as the oldest continuous city of the US, he will never be able to do.

It would be almost 150 years old, in 1698, in fact, that foreign forces again seek to gain a foothold in this case, Spain has established a successful garrison that would become a modern Pensacola and objectives laid out in this colonial city.

As it often happened throughout the history of the earth, once claimed, they became the prize others sought, often by military means, and Pensacola was no exception. The Spaniards initially seemed the French in May 1719, but it was almost the end of his possessions. France, Spain, the UK and Spain will once again take over for the next century, until he finally ceded Florida to the United States in 1821. Since Confederation also "took residency," Pensacola is considered to be the "city of five flags".

Much of his nearly 500-year history preserved and can be experienced in the historical center of Pensacola, which is run by the Historical Trust UWF, is the organization with the support of the University of West Florida, and is comprised of 27 of the & # 39 sites on the National Register of Historic Places .

Reception, only investing for a week, includes a tour and entrance to the public and tickets are available at Tivoli High House.

Important structures much. Sevilla area, for example 39 & # is the old settlement center and served as one end area British route ending its twin, Plaza Ferdinand VII. It was here that General Andrew Jackson took on the territory of West Florida from Spain in 1821 and the first to raise the US flag.

Small remains of the Fort George, the aim of the battle of the American Revolution in Pensacola, with & # 39 is a symbol of the British occupation from 1763 to one thousand seven hundred eighty-one.

The original house abound, including Panton Cottage Julie 1805 Laval House, 1871 Dorr House and 1890 Lear-Rocheblave home.

Old church of Christ, located on the area of ​​Seville and built in 1824 by slave labor, with the & # 39 is the oldest of its kind in the state still occupy their original position.

There are also several museums: T.T. Wentworth, Jr., Florida State Museum, which was built in 1908 and originally served as City Hall, Children's Museum, Pensacola, Pensacola Voices multicultural center and Trade Museum.

Although not technically part of the historic district of Pensacola, Pensacola Grand Hotel is located on the site of the Louisville and Nashville Depot Passenger Railroad, which itself was built in 1912 to replace the original 1882 L & N Union Station, Pensacola served for 58 years. Now on the National Register of Historic Places.

Restored to its original splendor i converted into a hotel with a glass tower with 15 floors, it retains much of its early decorations, including the French roof clay tile and ceramic mosaic tile floor and decorated with antiques, such as a solid, a drop cast Bronze lights and antique furniture.

His magnificent "1912 Restaurant" is located on the ground floor, there is the entrance door hit from London, cast bronze chandelier in the French style of Philadelphia, 1885 beveled glass from Victorian hotel in Scranton and a gear-shaped grill with Lloyd's of London.

Marine Air Station Pensacola:

There are several important sites at the Naval Aviation in Pensacola, which can be accessed gate visitor and requires identification, such as a license to enter

Located yourself in the place of the yard the Navy, which was built in 1825, he began as a training aircraft station at the beginning of the First World War with nine officers, 23 engineers, eight aircraft and ten beach-backed tent, and was considered the first of its kind.

Radically expands due to the Second World War, he trained 1100 students a month, all of which flew over two million hours. After his Naval Air Basic Training Command relocated its headquarters from Corpus Christi, Texas, to Pensacola, pure jet aircraft were included in the curriculum. Today, 12,000 active military, 9,000 of whom receive aviation training, appointed by the station.

The world-famous National Naval Aviation Museum, is also located here, with the & # 39 is the biggest and one of the most visited attractions of Florida. It did not start as a tourist sight, but instead as a means, including naval aviation history in the cadet training plans, for which there was not enough time or funding for traditional books and study-modality.

On the & # 39; an object, originally posted in 8500-square-foot wood frame building, originally from the Second World War, became the center of the selection, acquisition, storage and display of aircraft and artifacts that represent the heritage and development services industry. It opened its doors June 8, 1963.

Constantly expanding, now it has 700 aircraft in its collection, which are reflected in his 11 other official museum of the Navy across the country, some 150 ancient restored still exhibited here after new about & # 39; object 37 outdoor acres and 350,000 square feet of indoor space was completed. Admission is free.

Divided into the south wing, the west wing on the second floor mezzanine, and a separate hangar One, he traces the evolution of naval aviation and aircraft operated from its inception to the latest Middle East conflict.

A triad-1, for example, so named because when working in three air spheres (wing), water (floats) and portions (wheels). Nieuport 28, the section of the First World War contributed to the experimentation of an aircraft carrier, while the mammoth Navy-Curtiss NC-4, on the eve of the exhibition Golden Age, was the first to cross the Atlantic from Trepassey, Newfoundland, on the Portuguese Azores.

The speed of the jet fighters during the Cold War represented by such species as McDonnell F2H-4 Banshee, the North American FJ-2 Fury and the Russian MiG-15.

Centerpiece West Wing with & # 39 is the «USS Cabot 'island and a copy of his carrier deck, which is surrounded by an extensive collection of mainly World War II aircraft of the war, including the Grumman F4F-3 the Wildcat in Vought-Sikorsky FG-1D Corsair, and General Motors (Grumman) TBM Avenger.

Of the many exhibits on the mezzanine of the museum, which itself comes out as the south and west wings and can even be accessed airliner ground ladder, can not be either, which offer higher contrast with respect to one another than those dedicated to lighter than air aviation and space exploration.

Evolved from a spherical tank for the first time successfully flown by the Montgolfier brothers in 1783 and in the first case, the airships were large, controlled balloons, which reached under the & # 39; volume forces on the principle of buoyancy of themselves, but includes engines for propulsion and rudders and elevators respectively yaw (steering) and longitudinal (pitch) axis of the control. Suspended gondola housed the crew and passengers. Rigid types of internal framework features are not required are non-rigid, such as airships.

Gondola or control cars with L-8 Navy and World War II-era K-47 airships in the display. Recently, speaking May 19, 1943 in Moffett Field, California, was a domestic for & # 39; the amount of 425,000 cubic feet.

In the second, or a space, so a replica of the Freedom 7 Mercury space capsule, the original of which was launched at 116.5 nautical miles and the air / space carries for 14.8 minutes, is the contribution of Naval Aviation in the space program, because the military marine aviator Alan B. Shepard became the first American to enter this area on my 5 1961.

In addition, the display of the original Skylab Command Module II, which circled the space station Skylab for 28 days during the period from May to June 1973, driven by a three-member, all-Navy crew, he set several records, including the longest manned space flight, the longest distance and the greatest mass of docking in space.

It is seen as a mezzanine and the ground floor with the & # 39 is 75 feet high, 10,000 square foot Blue Angels Atrium connecting South and West and has four wings Douglas A-4 in the diving Skayhkov diamond is colored dark blue team aerobatic liveries.

Hangar Bay One of them, with 55,000 square feet of exhibition space, especially aircraft such as the Sikorsky VH-3 Sea King, which is transported presidents Nixon and Ford for the 1970s; Douglas R4D-5L Skytrain, which was the first to land on the Antarctic South Pole in 1956; and Grumman F-14D Tomcat, a supersonic, swing-wing fighter that went to the last combat mission.

Service users include additional excursions, laser-powered giant screen cinema showing several daily movies, gift shop and two Cubi Bar Cafe.

Flight practice famed Blue Angels flight demonstration team can be viewed at the Museum Flight Line, just north of the museum.

Another historic attraction on a & # 39 grounds of naval aviation is Pensacola Lighthouse.

Because of the strategic importance of Pensacola Harbor, Congress appropriated $ 6,000 in March 1823 to build a lighthouse, selecting a suitable place in June, but was temporarily replaced by floating an alternative, «Aurora Borealis», until the construction was not completed. Transferred from the mouth of the Mississippi River, it was located behind the western part of the island of Santa Rosa.

Permanent structure, 40 feet wide, the white brick tower with ten whale fat lamps, each of which have been reinforced 14-inch reflector, was first lit on December 20 of the following year and allowed sailing ships to send to it and then enter the harbor.

Despite what appeared to be more useful than the sailing boat he was replaced, he began to reveal their shortcomings in 1850: it was blocked by the trees on the island of Santa Rosa, and her light was too dim to be an effective means of navigation, prompting again set lighthouse Council to recommend a replacement, which will rise at least 150 feet in height.

In response to his request, Congress appropriated $ 25,000 in 1854 and $ 30,000 two years later. Construction of the new & # 39 facility, located half a mile west of the original, was completed in 1858. The growth of 159 feet from the base of a 30-foot diameter and tapering to the top at 15 feet, it was first lit on New Year's Eve 1859 at the Guardian Palmes. He showed the most powerful on the & # 39; objects, available first-order Fresnel one.

Currently listed on the National Register of Historic Places, a lighthouse Pensacola offers the visitor a glimpse into the mid-19th century, the world guardian of life, with the store to the Visitor Center and Museum, located in 1890 Carriage House, Richard C. Callaway Museum in 1869 keepers quarter, and the 177-step lighthouse that you can climb the views of Pensacola Bay.

Another historically important attraction at the Naval Air Station Pensacola Fort Barrancas.

"Located on a bluff overlooking the bay of Pensacola, Fort Barrancas was built to protect the United States from foreign invaders," according to the National Park Service. "Once considered vital to national defense, today Fort Barrancas illustrates the evolution of military technology and American values. "

Soon after Spain ceded Florida USA, the US Navy selected Pensacola Bay as a major Gulf Coast Navy Yard and at the same time with the decision of Engineers Officers Corps was sent to explore the coastline with a view to the construction of fortifications to protect himself Navy Yard.

Built on the ruins of the 1798 Spanish Fort is Fort San Carlos de-Barrancas- «Barrancas» with & # 39 is the Spanish word for "bluff" is the third such fortification was the bay. The current, 1797-Batteria de San Antonio has been saved and changed.

Taking shape in the period between March 21 and September 21 in the hands of enslaved laborers who worked from sunrise to sunset, in his great arms were included, including ten 24-pounders.

Although it was built as a defensive structure, it has been only in battle during the Civil War.

Due to new developments in the guns and naval warships, the US government began to assess proposals for new coastal defenses in 1885 and after the curtain closed the Second World War, he was declared surplus in 1947.

The trail leads from the visitor center to the actual kite-shaped fort, whose characteristics encompass introduction and counterscarp, moat, under the & # 39; volume bridge, sally port, security room, opened the parade area, and the water battery. The tunnel connected two of the latter. Cannon shells fired from the battery itself of water were used for the rebound to the harbor and the ships were in their conduit.

Fortress thickness of four feet by 20 feet high walls, consisting of six million bricks, decorated with arches and ceiling prices.

Neighboring Advanced Redoubt, built between 1845 and 1870, defended the north side of the peninsula, accommodation Pensacola Navy Yard.

Pensacola Beach:

Bridge- and dam-linked through Gulf Breeze, on the mainland, Pensacola, eight miles from downtown Pensacola and access to Interstate 110 South, a narrow portion of sugary sand on the bar & # 39; EPHA Santa Rosa Island, overlooking the emerald waters of the Gulf and the Gulf of Mexico and offers activities related to the ocean, such as swimming, sunbathing, fishing, scuba diving, sailing and diving. Fiery red, green, and purple sunsets paint the sky on a regular basis.

Beach hotel many fronts, such as Surf and Sand, Margaritaville-Beach and Island Resort Portofino, along with well-known names such as Hampton Inn, Hilton, Holiday Inn, SpringHill Suites and Days Inn. Florida indicative seafood restaurant, with indoor and outdoor dining overlooking the water, include such as Island Grill Hemingway, flounder in the Chowder House, Grand Marlin, Pensacola Shaggy, and Peg Leg Pete's.

Stretching 1,471 feet in the water, the Gulf Pier Pensacola provides bluefish fishing, Pompano, redfish, Spanish mackerel and spotted sea trout. Flounder can not be excluded.

The self-guided Footprints in the sand Eco Tour, marked with informative signs, gives the opportunity to learn about the local plant and animal life, including dolphins, sharks, turtles, birds, fish and flowers. Each of them is explained by the different environmental issues.

Pensacola Beach with a & # 39 is part of the Gulf Islands National Seashore & # 39; e, which itself stretches for 160 miles from Fort Walton Beach, Florida, in Cat Island, Mississippi, and includes a bar & # 39 ; ernyya island, marine forests, sea, sleeveless living rivers, and historic forts. The headquarters of the park, offering orientation films and an exhibition of the Living Naval Oaks Area, located in Gulf Breeze, on the island between the mainland and Pensacola.

Shaped in the Gulf of Mexico, the National Seashore & # 39; and which retains pockets of American history and culture, and encapsulates the visitor to the flora and fauna of Florida. The void formed by water and air, for example dolphins, sea stars surface float and pelican and seagulls allow wind to carry them on the panorama.

Адзін з гістарычных запаведнікаў астравоў заліва Нацыянальнага Прыморскага з'яўляецца Форт Пікенс, размешчаны на заходняй ускрайку выспы Сант-Ружа прама насупраць ўваход Пенсакола Bay Harbor з Форта Барранкаса. Названы ў гонар брыгаднага генерала Эндру Пікенс, патрыёта, які змагаўся з адзнакай ў Паўднёвай Караліне падчас вайны, яна была самай вялікай цаглянай структуры на Мексіканскім заліве.

Трасіроўка сваё паходжанне ад 1821, калі трэцяя сістэма прыбярэжных фартоў была пашырана, каб уключыць абарону Пенсакола Bay і яго мацерыка прыбярэжных суполак, яна прыняла другарадную мэта чатыры гады праз, калі заканадаўчы орган стварыць ярд ваенна-марскога флоту і дэпо быў прыняты. У рамках трыо абароны, ён быў прызваны ахоўваць заходнюю частку вострава Санта-Ружа ў супрацоўніцтве з умацаваньнямі абрывы на поўнач ад канала і на ўсходнім канцы Perdido Key.

Яго будаўніцтва, пад кіраўніцтвам ЗША Інжынерны корпус арміі, пачалося ў 1829 годзе пасля таго, як урад набыло 998 акраў зямлі і пяцікутнік-вобразнай структуры, пабудаваныя з больш чым 21,5 мільёна цаглін і аснашчаны больш чым 200 гарматамі, было завершана пяць гадоў праз.

«(Рабочыя), якія выкарыстоўваюцца будаўнічыя матэрыялы, такія як вапна, вада і пясок змяшаць раствор, піламатэрыялы для ростверка і пабудаваць прычалы, будаўнічыя лесу, і дапаможныя будынкі; свінцовых лісты воданепранікальных казематы арак і для жолабаў і вадасцёкаў; граніту для прыступак і траверсы камяні; медныя лісты, бары, і прыстасаванне для прымянення ў парашковых часопісах; (і) цэгла для асноўнай працы і контрэскарпа, "у адпаведнасці з Абслугоўваннем Нацыянальнага парка.

Патрабаванне гарнізона 500 мужчын падчас вайны, але здольна змясціць падвойнае, што лік у надзвычайных сітуацыях, структура пяць бастыёна, якая складаецца з аднаго яруса казэматаў і Барбет яруса, была здольная развязаць кольца агню ад яго мористой-абліцоўвання сцены.

У выпадку, толькі ў барацьбе з ім калі-небудзь адчуваў адбылася падчас грамадзянскай вайны.

Сёння наведвальнікі ўсё яшчэ ўвесці Форт Пікенс праз зыходныя вылазкі пост, галоўны ўваход забяспечанага з цяжкімі дубовымі дзвярыма. Тынкоўка падшэўкі чвэрць служыла як рэзідэнцыі і бальнічныя палаты. Арачныя казематы пры ўмове, абароненыя артылерыйскіх пазіцый і базы для другога ўзроўню гарматы. Тры асноўныя камеры, кожная з якіх утрымоўвае 1000 фунтаў пораху, былі злучаныя сістэмай тунэля. Парашковыя часопісы, якія захоўваюць чорны крыніца харчавання форта, былі драўлянымі падшэўкай, каб трымаць іх сухімі і неабходнасць туфлі пакрытых ботаў салдат, якія ўвайшлі іх прадухілення магчымага узгарання ад іскраў. У пакоі генератара была размяшчэннем паравых генератараў, устаноўленых ў 1903 годзе для забеспячэння электраэнергіі пражэктараў і іншага сучаснага абсталявання.

Контрэскарп фармаваўся сухое мацаванне, каб абараніць форт ад наземных нападаў. Дажджавая вада была сабрана і захоўваецца ў цыстэрнах для піцця. І вежа бастыён, паказваючы непасрэдна праз канал, забяспечваецца абарона гавані.

Dissipation Claims in Illinois Divorce Cases

In determining how to divide property in Illinois divorce cases, judgments are directed by 750 ILCS 5/503 (d), which sets forth a number of factors that affect how maritime property may be distributed. The second of these factors that the Court may consider is the dissipation of financial assets by either party. "Dissipation" has been defined by Illinois appellate courts as the use of tangible property for the sole benefit of one of the spouses for a purpose unrelated to the marriage at a time that the marriage is undergoing an irreconcilable breakdown. One common form of dissipation is spending financial assets on a new girlfriend or boyfriend while still married.

In the past, dissipation claims in Illinois were often used as a form of leverage to gain a more favorable settlement agreement. As a divorce case came to trial many divorce attorneys would present various claims of dissipation as a method of increasing their claims to the tangible estate. This form of litigation had the effect of creating an awful amount of work for each side in the days and weeks before the trial. Often times the dollar amount of the claimed dissipation would be dwarfed by the legal fees required to defend against the claims.

Fortunately the Illinois legislature recently amended the statute governing property distribution (750 ILCS 5/503) with respect to the making of dissipation claims. There are now specific requirements and deadlines that must be met in order to make a dissipation claim. Section 503 (d) (2) of the Illinois Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act now provides as follows:

(2) the dissipation by each party of the maritime or non-tangible property, provided that a party's claim of dissipation is subject to the following conditions:

(i) a notice of intent to claim dissipation shall be given no later than 60 days before trial or 30 days after discovery closures, whichever is later;

(ii) the notice of intent to claim dissipation shall contain, at a minimum, a date or period of time during which the marriage began undergoing an irretrievable breakdown, an identification of the property dissipated, and a date or period of time during which the dissipation occurred;

(iii) the notice of intent to claim dissipation shall be filed with the clerk of the court and be served pursuant to applicable rules;

(iv) no dissipation shall be deemed to have occurred prior to 5 years before the filing of the petition for dissolution of marriage, or 3 years after the party claiming dissipation knew or should have known of the dissipation;

Since the amendment of the statute, Illinois attorneys and parties planning to make a dissipation claim now have a deadline by which they must serve a notice of intent to claim dissipation as opposed to waiting until the day of trial. The notice must also give a description of the property dissipated, when the marriage broke down, when the property was dissipated and it must be filed with the Court. Finally, no party may make a claim of dissipation that occurred more than five years before the divorce filing or three years after the claimed dissipation.

The new statute will hopefully end the "trial by ambush" method of making dissipation claims while still allowing for legitimate dissipation claims to be brought before the trial courts. There are in fact many legitimate dissipation claims that should be bought before the court. It is, therefore, critical that your Illinois divorce attorney be aware of the amended statute and the technical methods by which a dissipation claim must be made.

A Short history of Richmond, Illinois

Richmond, Illinois, is a very small and quaint town on the border of Illinois and Wisconsin. Its population is now about 1,500 but new housing developments will quadrouple the number of homes within the next 10 years. It is called "The Village of Yesseryear" because it boasts many Victorian style homes and an interesting array of antique shops.

William A.
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McConnell is credited with the founding of the village of Richmond.

Also known as "The Squire," McConnell was a 27 year old carpenter and farmer who lived in Pennsylvania. He dreamed of independence and trekked to the Richmond area on horseback in 1837. In his biography, McConnell stated that there were but two neighbors in the area. He staked out a claim for 480 acres of land and bought it when it came to market in 1840 under the Blackhawk Treaty.
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Family lore says that McConnell spent his first night under an oak sapling across the street from what is now Richmond Grade School. That very mature tree still stands. Bo McConnell, a great grandson, calls it "the little oak." At that time the Richmond area was mostly prairie with patches of oak trees and still part of Lake County, Illinois.

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In 1838 McConnell and his new wife, Elizabeth, built a 16 'x 18' log cabin in which his family lived for 15 years. It was located just west of what is now Grace Lutheran Church and it was the first residence built in Richmond Township.
A mill was built on the Nippersink circa 1840 and that area is now occupied by Doyle's restaurant.

In 1852 McConnell built a house in the Greek Revival style across the street from the log cabin. He and his family lived in this house for 20 years raising three sons. In 1872 he deeded the house to his son, John.

Over time, McConnell purchased approximately 1,400 acres from the government. The town boundaries were laid out in 1844 and Richmond was given its name in a contest to the man who climbed the highest when the new mill was raised. That man was Isaac Reed who chose the name from a village he remembered from his childhood in Vermont.

McConnell had his hands in many local activities. He was on the railroad commission, a legislator in Springfield, elected a commissioner of McHenry County, Richmond's first Justice of the Peace, its first Postmaster and an Associate Judge for 16 years. He belonged to the first temperance group in McHenry County.
McConnell opened the first cheese factory about one-half mile west of the town. The Old Bank building on Broadway was owned by McConnell's son, George. "That's Uncle George's bank. That's what we'd call it," remembered Bo McConnell, a great-great-grandson of William A. McConnell.

How Richmond was named

Theodore Purdy purchased the log house of Charles A. Noyes in 1937. Purdy platted the village in 1844 with Charles Coting who settled in Richmond in 1844. Together they built a grist mill at Main & Mill Streets.

A contest was arranged that the person who climbed the highest on the new mill could name the village. Isaac Reed won the contest and named the village after Richmond, Vermont, where he lived as a child.

Richmond grows up

By the middle 1840's Richmond resembled a small town with a hotel, a sawmill, a wagon maker, a doctor and a lawyer. McConnell built a cheese factory (possibly the first in McHenry County) west of the town.
Officially incorporated on September 2, 1872, Dr. Fillmore Bennett was elected the first president of the village. The first principal of the grad school, Fillmore wrote poems and religious hymns. "In the Sweet Bye and Bye" was the most famous.
Railroads made their appearance in the 1850's. McConnell was one of the railroad managers. The first train crossed the Nippersink in 1855.
Memorial Hall

Charles DeWitt McConnell donated $ 10,000 to the village "to be used for the purpose of erecting a village or city hall, the same to be called Memorial Hall, to be used when required by church societies and school functions free of charge, and not to be used for immoral exhibitions or immoral shows … "Village President, EC Covell, bought the land where Memorial Hall now stands from Charles Kruse who owned the hardware store on the corner in the middle of town at Broadway and Rt. 12. The hardware story later became the Emporium antique store and the "Kruse" name can be seen and etched at the top of the front wall today.

Memorial Hall was constructed in the early 1900's. It contained an auditorium with a balcony and a stage where the JB Rotnour Players performed for many years.

The Richmond Police Department occupied part of the basement along with two jail cells.

Village board meetings were held in Memorial Hall until the new village hall was built in 1993. This building is now shared with the police department. This left the hall vacant until Chris Gallagher secured a grant from the Illinois Arts Council in 1992 to create the Nippersink Creative Arts Center. Founding member include Christina Gallagher, Yvonne Cryns, Carolyn Janus, Donna Karolus and Nancy Richardson. Many local groups donated money to the organization. The Creative Arts Center pushed to make Memorial Hall the historical landmark building it is today.

The public library used the hall starting in the 1930's. In the 1940's the library moved to a part of the drug store building on Broadway and Main. But on July 7, 1972 the library moved back into Memorial Hall before moving to its own building in 1990.
In addition to village government work, the Memorial Hall hosted school plays and graduations. Basketball games were played there starting in 1908.

Other foundation activities included meetings held by Boy and Girl Scouts, American Legion, and a senior citizen group known as the Pioneers. This is where the local polling place remained.

Richmond Fire Department

Founded in 1926, the Richmond Volunteer Fire Department's first meeting was held at Memorial Hall and it was chaired by Mayor JG "Curly" Stevens.

Richmond Post Office

The post office has been in service for over 150 years. Appointed in 1940, William A. McConnell served as the first postmaster for six years. In the early years, settlers in the area found great comfort from the post office which welcomed news of events from their original home towns. As late as the 1960's the Chicago Tribune was delivered by the post office. Farmers needed honey bees which were also delivered by the post office and they brought out eggs to the big city.

Until 1946 trains brought mail to Richmond. Since 1946 mail is delivered by trucks. The current postmaster is William L. Schaeppi since 1988.

The new mayor of Richmond, Illinois, is Laurie Olson. Olson's family has a long history in Richmond. Olson was a homemaker and volunteer member of the fire department before she was elected mayor in 2004.

Stephen Wright House – Paw Paw, Illinois

Before we get to the Reagan landmarks in Dixon we stop in Paw Paw, Illinois, a small village many of you Illinois residents have probably passed on Interstate 39, you know you are there when you see the large electricity generating windmills on the horizon. Before 2005 the 850 person village of Paw Paw had no properties included on the federal National Register of Historic Places. The listing of the Stephen Wright House changed that in May of that year.

After mingling amongst the windmills of the Mendota Hills Wind Farm for a bit, I made my way over to the village proper and thought out the Wright House. The house was constructed sometime between 1895 and 1906 by Paw Paw native, and real estate speculator Stephen Wright.

The home is an excellent example of Queen Anne style architecture. It very clearly illustrates the hip roof (wiki) with flanking cross gables (wiki) that is found about about 50 percent of Queen Anne style houses. The roof style is a quick way to identify many less obvious examples of Queen Anne. Viewed from the cross gables, the hip roof is less obvious, making for an interesting visual play, depending on where the viewer stands.

Tomorrow we visit our first Reagan landmark in Dixon. Paw Paw is a village in Lee County, located in northern Illinois. Norther Illinois is full of interesting places listed in the National Register of Historic Places and well worth the look for any history student or buff. Feel free to Google it and have a look for yourself.

Online Resources

Stephen Wright House: National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form (PDF)

Wikipedia: Stephen Wright House, Mendota Hills Wind Farm (both by me, for you).

Illinois Conceived Carry Classes – What to Expect and What to Demand

For anyone looking to get their Illinois imagined carry merit, the matter of finding the best class is of the utmost importance. Illinois CCW permits come with a responsibility to know how to be safe for yourself, those around you and also to be in a position to save the lives of others.

Illinois requirements for concealed carry are the toughest in the nation, with a 16 hour class (or combination of classes) and a specific live fire qualification. Many other states, such as Utah, have a lax requirement – like a 4 hour course.

In addition to the longer course requirement, Illinois' law requires a 30 round shooting qualification with 70% accuracy. That will mean firing 10 rounds each at 5, 7 and 10 yards using a B27 man-sized silhouette target.

So what else should you expect from an Illinois imagined carry class? Well, do not expect that you are just there to fulfill the training requirement and assume that you will learn everything you need to know. Fulfilling the basic requirements is just the minimum, and when it is something as important as Illinois CCW, you should demand the best.

First off, you should demand a good, professional curriculum from a certified NRA Pistol Instructor. Someone who has achieved this certification has gone through a rigorous two-day training program and proven himself on a shooting range. This is someone who has demonstrated the skills and attitude necessary to help you be the best you can be.

Second, you should demand that the class cover things like different captured carry positions, holsters and methods of drawing. You should walk away from the class with more than just a certificate. You should have the basic understanding of all the methods of carrying understood and an appetite that is whetted to try out several methods for yourself.

Third, you should demand instruction in "instinctive shooting" – which is shooting "without aiming." This means learning the techniques involved in drawing your handgun and shooting quickly and accurately. This is a skill that must be learned the right way, and then practiced many times on your own. If an instructor is able to explain why each move is made the way it is prescribed and get you to basic proficiency, he has done his job.

So by finding a concealed carry class that incorporates these three elements, you will ensure that you cover all of your bases and do not end up wasting time and regretting your choice later on.

Understanding Illinois' New Conceived Carry Law

With the enactment of the new Illinois Conceived Carry law on July 9, 2013, there are a lot of questions about when and where you can carry a concealed weapon once you have a License to Carry.

The first thing to know is that it is not a "CCW permit" as it is referred to in other states, but rather a "license to carry." Obtaining an Illinois license to carry will take more training than any other state in the country, with 16 hours of class being required.

There are some people who will not need the full 16 hours of training, as active military and veterans will be credited with 8 hours. Also, those who have documented training from recognized organizations / trainers will be credited with up to 8 hours.

Everyone will have to take at least 8 hours, however. This eight-hour course covers the law and includes a shooting qualification to ensure that you know how to safely handle a gun and hit what you are aiming at.

With a license to carry in Illinois, you will be able to carry a concealed gun in many places, but there are also a lot of prohibited places where carrying can get you in trouble.

First of all, you can not carry a concealed gun into buildings, property or parking areas of the following locations. Note however, that you CAN leave the gun in your car and are not breaking the law as long as you do not get out of your vehicle with it loaded.

1) Elementary or secondary school, whether public or private

2) Pre-school or childcare facility

3) State buildings

4) Court buildings or buildings being used for a court proceeding

5) Local government building

6) Jail, prison, juvenile detention / correctional facility

7) Hospital, affiliate, mental health facility or nursing home, whether public or private

8) Train, bus or other public transportation funded in part / whole with public funds

9) Bars and any restaurant that serves alcohol which accounts for more than 50% of their sales

10) Permitted public gathering / event (pass-through exception)

11) Special Event Retailer's Licensee location

12) Public playgrounds (No pass-through allowed)

13) Public parks (pass-through allowed if trail or bike path merely passes through, but is not entirely within the public park)

14) Cook County Forest Preserves

15) College / University, whether public or private – ANY location

16) Off-track betting parlor, riverboat or gambling venue licensed by the State

17) Stadium, arena, or any collegiate or professional sporting event.

18) Public library

19) Airport

20) Amusement park

21) Zoo or museum

22) Nuclear Regulatory Commission facility – you may not have a firearm anywhere on their property, even in your car.

23) Any place prohibited by federal law.

The ability to leave the gun in your car, even in the parking area of ​​a "prohibited area" is referred to as a "safe harbor." Without this provision, you would actually be able to carry concealed if you were dropping your children off at school, turning around in a parking lot, etc.

Finally, the "pass through" provision is very important, because without this you could not leave your home with your gun if a street fair was being held on your block, and you could not ride / walk on most bike paths, as they pass through parks.

Kankakee Illinois Hospital Stomping Grounds For Al Capone

Al Capone – also known as one of Chicago's most notorious gangster chiefs – had a vast number of retreats and vacation spots where he could unplug from his extremely busy life of murder and mayhem and enjoy a little peaceful R & R. These include St. Louis. Paul MN, Hot Springs AR, as well as some lesser known hideouts where he could maintain his anonymity such as French Lick IN, Brookfield WI, Olean NY, Lansing MI, Dubuque IA, and Johnson City, TN. But one of Scarface Al's all-favorite favorite stomping grounds were much closer to his home, in Kankakee, since Kankakee Illinois hospital was well known to Chicagoans looking for a good time. Kankakee County's towns had the reputation in the 1920's and 30's as being wide open fun spots where anything went.

The Kankakee County motto was "Just an hour from Chicago, but a world apart." According to Jorie Walters, a researcher at Kankakee County's Museum, there is not much written documentation of Al Capone's influence in the area, but everyone knows the real truth. Walters' information was collected from books, history columns in the Kankakee Daily Journal Newspaper, oral histories, and from old museum files. She says that some of the local dives which were owned or frequented by Scarface Al include Bradley Illinois' Hawaii Motel; a safe house in L'Erable on the Iroquois River which was extremely well fortified against unexpected and unwanted visitors; Nel Clark's, a brothel in Kankakee which is now called the City Tavern; The Sahara Restaurant on Kankakee's Fifth Avenue; and the Radeke Brewery, also in Kankakee, which was secretly owned by Al Capone in the 1920's and 30's. Kankakee was also the hometown of Fred Burke's moll. Burke was Capone's leading enforcer who planned and executed the St. Paul. Valentine's Day massacre in 1929 against Bugs Moran's gang.

Another of Scarface Al's favorite hangouts was the Miami Gardens near Peotone Illinois hospital, which was both a bar and brothel in Prohibition Days and is called Edwin's bar now. Scarface Al had the reputation of being the forefather sampler of the wares he purveyed in his brothls. The Miami Gardens had high, ornate ceilings made of tin, and there was a secret garage with room for twenty automobiles in the basement of the building which is scarred with bullet holes in its walls. It is rumored that gangland executions were carried out in this hidden garage. Another favored hangout was Club 54 Restaurant near the Manteno Illinois hospital (just south of Manteno where Governor's Highway meets 500E). This restaurant was actually a brothel.

How to Choose a Conceived Carry Holster for Illinois Signed Carry Licensees

Choosing the right holster for concealed carry is important for people in any state, but what about the laws in Illinois? Are there specifics that you need to be aware of when you carry understood, whether as a resident or non-resident, in Illinois?
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First and foremost, it is necessary to understand the Illinois law that pertains to both residents and non-residents carrying concealed. Non-residents may not carry a concealed gun on their person without an Illinois License to Carry. There is an allowance for non-residents who are licensed to carry in their home state, but that allowance only gives them permission to keep a loaded gun in their car. Therefore, non-residents without an Illinois License to Carry have no reason for a holster while in the Land of Lincoln.
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Second is the issue of “printing” and what “understood” means. In some states, if the gun is detectable under your clothing due to the “imprint” it makes through your clothing, you have committed a crime. However, in Illinois it is less clear. Since the law has passed in July, 2013, not a single permit has been issued, nor has the law been able to be tested in court. However, it does specify that your firearm must be “completely or mostly” understood.
The meaning of “mostly” understood is obviously open to interpretation. However, the legislative intention (made clear during the House and Senate debate of this bill in Springfield) is that momentary or incidental exposure of the gun is NOT to be considered illegal. In other words, if your jacket rides up or the wind blows your shirt open and someone catches a glimpse of your gun, you are protected by the law.
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Whether printing is also protected will no doubt need to be interpreted by the courts. The long and short of it is that you should choose a holster, and a place on your body to wear the holster, that eliminates printing or incidental exposure.
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So the, what is the best holster / position for concealed carry in Illinois? Unless you are wearing a jacket, the most difficult way to carry understood will be with a hip holster. While that is tactically among the best locations to carry, it is also the most difficult to conceal totally.
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A small gun, like a.380 or other “pocket pistol,” is easily understood with a pocket holster. The holster should be selected to ensure that it covers the trigger for safety, keeps the gun directed properly for quick deployment, and provides a “blocking” imprint that is not distinguishable as a gun when the clothing is tight.
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The other really effective holsters for those who would carry concealed in Illinois are shoulder holsters and ankle holsters. However, ensure that you train in drawing from these holsters as they present very real challenges in quickness (ankle holster) and safety (shoulder holsters – think about sweeping unintended targets with the muzzle when drawing).

Illinois Health Insurance Companies

The state of Illinois has several private health insurance companies that provide attractive insurance options to its citizens. There are also public insurance plans like the CHIP, but private insurance plans are very popular.

Some of the most popular health insurance companies in Illinois are: Assurant Health, Celtic, Unicare, Fortis Health, Blue Cross / Blue Shield, Golden Rule Insurance, Aetna, AIG, Allianz, Fort Dearborn, Guardian, HPA, Humana, ING, John Hancock, Metlife, Pacific Life, Transamerica, United Healthcare, Zurich and United Security Life and Insurance Co. Most of these companies have several health insurance options, such as family and individual, group health plans, children's health plans, temporary / short term health insurance, self-employed health insurance, student health insurance, discount medical plans, Medicare supplement, international health insurance and long term care plans.

Illinois health insurance companies offer competitive options and rates for Illinois citizens. Quotes can be obtained directly from the insurance company by submitting some basic information. There are also several health insurance brokerage companies that offer health insurance options from multiple companies. There are literally hundreds of health insurance plans to choose from. These brokerage firms offer advice on the best kind of plan to choose, options for reducing premiums, different deductible options, and other aspects such as co-payments and co-insurance. They can also provide special assistance for people with special needs. Information about special state programs such as COBRA, the Trade Adjustment Assistance Reform Act, Medicaid and Illinois KidCare, CHIP, Medicare, Illinois' High-Risk Pool for People with Health problems and many other state programs can also be obtained from these companies.

It is always better to use a brokerage company or an insurance agent because of the availability of so many plans. An agent would be able to suggest the best kind of policy. Most of the Illinois health insurance companies can also be reached through the phone or online. Quotes can also be requested online or by phone.