Cruise along in the sunshine state of Florida

Production Spray Florida

Floating record at the age of 64 years! So that # 39; S, which occurred in September 2013 when a swimmer Diana Nyad has created history. She became the first person ever to swim the distance from Cuba to Florida (110 miles), and it is also too using shark cage. It took about 53 hours to get to Florida. Coast of Florida always have such great stories of courage!

To begin with rowing

You may not be interested in sailing the ocean in Florida, like Diana, but you can cruise in his boat. It & # 39; s fine, if you already have! If you do not, you can easily get to yourself.There with & # 39 boats are plentiful in Florida! In January of this year and the number 39, and the 40 th Annual Stuart Boat Show & # 39; made waves among boat lovers. The show was taken in four different locations, including HMY & # 39; S waterway Marina Florida. It was shown over 500 boats of different sizes and shapes, both in and out of water. It was a really great weekend gala event for visitors.

The best places for boating in Florida:

  • Huge and breathtaking 125 miles stretch of Biscayne National Park in Key West. It & # 39; S perfect place for the boat to float smoothly together, enjoying an excellent view.
  • Tampa Bay. the largest estuary, and a favorite place of anchorage in connection with its restaurants and hotels, it & # 39; Sec & # 39. Another Florida a great place for boating and picnic with family & # 39 is Egmont Key.
  • The Emerald Coast is a place where nature spilled her beauty and treasures. Visitors can experience some great deep-sea fishing here. The village is near Destin called the & # 39; World & # 39; s lucky Fishing Village!

Every year thousands of sailors flock to the shores of Florida for travel, leisure and business purposes. In addition to the boat, they go fishing, diving, snorkeling, or just have fun sunbathing on the beautiful beaches.

Tips for safe boating, water sports and fishing:

If you are paddling for the first time or you are an experienced sailor, he & # 39; It s important to be wise to the sea. Lack of awareness and inattention can cause failures. Here are a few tips that might help you:

  • Avoid unnecessary risks and practice safe boating. Nha drift too far away, and at a safe distance from other boats, fishermen and divers. It & # 39; S the best way to avoid collisions.
  • Try using a reef mooring buoys, if possible. Or, anchored only in sandy areas, so that you can stay away from coral and sea grasses; they may get confused with your anchor and chain.
  • Operate your boat at low speeds, especially in the field of diving.

You can have all the exciting experiences in your boat, or you may need one for commercial use. Buying a new boat can be expensive. You can look for more affordable options in the Reputed auto auction websites. It & # 39; S light and easy registration process, selection and bidding. These sites sell rescue boats that were damaged due to the storm, collision, or for other reasons, and may be cured for swimming again. Therefore, get ready to make a splash!

What to Do If DCFS is Investigating You?

* Note that this article applies exclusively to Illinois Department of Children and Family Services Investigations. The process works differently in every state.

Reports of child abuse and neglect are investigated by the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services and anyone can contact DCFS to make a report if he or she suspects or has reason to believe a child is being abused or neglected. While most reports target the parent of the child, DCFS will investigate anyone who regularly interacts with the child, such as a teacher or daycare provider, as well as anyone who lives in the child's home.

It is important to note that even though a DCFS report may not result in police involvement or a criminal case, it can. One of their reports can lead to criminal charges against you, loss of physical custody and even termination of your parental rights as well as prevent you from pursuing a certain line of work or job. So, it is strongly recommended that you speak with an attorney as early as possible.

In instances where criminal charges are not noticed, DCFS may allow you to retain customs as long as you follow a certain plan. In other cases, they can keep your matter out of court as long as you agree to relinquish physical custody and place your child with someone else. Each case is different and depends on the facts and the investigation.

As noted above, anyone can make a report to DCFS but there are certain individuals who must make a report if they have reason to believe or suspect neglect or abuse. These "mandated reporters" include childcare providers, teachers, doctors, law enforcement officers and social workers, for example.

The parent or person being investigated will not be able to find out who reported them in most cases. Sometimes, in child custody cases, one parent may try to make a false report against the other parent. It is illegal for an individual to knowingly make a false report of child abuse or neglect and it can result in jail time and fines.

When a call is made to DCFS to report abuse or neglect and they decide there is sufficient information to make a formal report, it will then begin an investigation. During an investigation, an investigator interviews the initial caller as well as the accused and family members and anyone else who may have additional information. It is then up to the agency to decide whether to elevate the matter to the police.

After an investigation, if their finder of fact believes that a child has been aborted or neglected, the report is entered into a Central Registry. This is called an "indicated" report. Once a report against you becomes "indicated," you can appeal it.

This type of appeal is an administrative hearing with an administrative law judge, rather than a traditional court case. You have 60 days to request a hearing and at a pre-hearing conference, the judge will discuss the evidence and what witnesses will be called and if the child will testify. After the actual hearing, where the administrative law judge hears the case, the judge will make a recommendation to the Director of DCFS. The final decision is up to the director and you can appeal that decision in court.

Keep in mind that, through an appeal, you can review the results of the investigation, but you may still not learn the name of the person who initially made the report.

If the report is not "indicated," but is instead "unfounded," then DCFS can destroy all records of the report and investigation.

The area of ​​DCFS defense is not an area of ​​law that many attorneys practice. In reality, many people who are investigated can not afford an attorney. However, having one can make a major difference in a process that may have huge implications on your life, your family, your work, etc. Illinois has some excellent attorneys who know and have experience with Children and Family Service rules and procedures for the state of Illinois.

Even if you are worried that you can not afford an attorney, we still strongly recommend that you speak to someone for a consultation at the very least and explore your options.

Insurance claims for Florida homeowners and HOAs

There are thousands of homeowners' associations (HOAs) and condominiums throughout Florida. The dimensions and the duty of these groups may Var & # 39; iravatstsa from community to community, but the majority of them support the sort of insurance policy to protect their assets.

Due to some extreme conditions out & # 39; I like hurricanes and flooding in some parts of the state, insurance policies can be extremely important for condominiums and condo associations. These groups may pay substantial contributions in order for the following forms of protection:

  • property damage – This type of policy will serve to protect public services, property and common areas, which are separated by Noah or condo community associations. In case of fire, flood, hurricane, or drain collapse, property damage policy will pay for the cost of repairs, which can easily be millions of dollars.
  • criminal Damage – This policy can protect the HOA or condo association with graffiti, vandalism or arson, but some criminal policy can also serve to protect against mismanagement of trust Association board member or a staff member. These policies are sometimes called fidelity insurance.
  • lawsuits – A man who was injured in a slip and fall accidents, defective equipment or violent crime on this Noah or condo association & # 39, S property may file a law on the responsibility assignment. This type of insurance can help cover the cost of any settlement in such cases.

While insurance for HOA or condo association can be expensive, it is usually regarded as a profitable investment. However, many such associations board in shocked when insurance companies are not able to provide adequate compensation after filing a lawsuit. Some of the most common problems that the HOA and condo associations face when filing insurance claims include:

  • late payment – Florida Statue § 627.70131 specifically states that "the insurer shall pay or deny a claim or part of the claim" within 90 days after receiving notice of "initial, reconditioned or additional property claims claims from the insured", but allows insurance companies some leeway when "the failure is caused by factors that do not depend on the insurer."
  • Waiver of a claim – There may be various reasons for the claim be rejected, including, but not limited to lack of evidence, some accidents are not covered by a particular policy or policies have been canceled, because the contributions were not paid on time.
  • Insufficient number of calculations – The insurance company may underestimate the claim and offer an amount that is significantly less than the actual cost of damage.
  • Careless protection is granted on liability lawsuits – In some of the requirements of shared responsibility, the insurance company could leave the insurer delayed the settlement in excess of policy limits.

Insurance companies investigate allegations limit their payments, finding the reasons that the claims fall within the excluscies, which are not subject to specific rules. Noah, or condominium association should not simply accept these types of effects. An experienced attorney can negotiate to achieve a more favorable recovery or take the insurance company to court, if he is unable to provide a satisfactory amount.

Pick 4 Strategy Exposes State Lotteries' Greatest Fear

State Lotteries across the country protect their Pick 4 lottery systems by writing rules and regulations that prevent the Pick 4 lotto results from bankrupting their systems. They shut out Pick 4 lotto players who want to win the Pick 4 by cutting off a popular number.

Sometimes players go to their local retailer to play a Quad type Pick 4 number such as "7777" only to be told that this Pick 4 lotto number is not available. The players are using their favorite Pick 4 Strategy that leads them to choose this number. Or, players play it based on a particular date.

In the Illinois Pick 4 many players around November 11, 2009, started playing "1111" and continued playing this same number hiring the Pick 4 lotto results when drawn would bring them a cash windfall. For months of being shut out when trying to play, "1111" exposed the State's Pick 4 Strategy. The interest in this particular number gained renewed life based on the date January 11, 2010, with 1.11.10. Pick 4 lottery systems based on dates continued to prevent players who wanted to win the Pick 4 to be shut out for another six weeks or more in Illinois from playing "1111".

With the payout of five thousand dollars ($ 5,000) for every one dollar ($ 1) Straight Ticket, the State Lottery coffers would have to payout $ 1 Million for every two hundred ($ 200) dollars worth of winning tickets sold. The Pick 4 lottery systems that advocate "date play" that form Quads bring fear to the heart and soul of every State Lottery Office in the country. The winning Pick 4 lotto results, in this case, means the State Lottery could incur a major financial loss.

The only way the State Lotteries could prevent themselves from going "bankrupt" is by writing rules and regulations that would limit the number of tickets that can be sold on a particular Pick 4 number. Their Pick 4 Strategy is specifically focused on the Pick 4 lottery results of a "quad" being drawn. The sale of 500 winning tickets at the basic level of one dollar would result in a Pick 4 lotto payout of $ 2.5 Million Dollars in most States.

Every time a Quad Number is overplayed, because of popularity, the State's Pick 4 Lottery System has to expose their Pick 4 Strategy by simply cutting off that particular number from being played.

On March 31, 2010, in the Pennsylvania Big 4, 7-7-7-7 was drawn in the evening draw. The PA Lottery had $ 7.77 Millions in payouts to over 3,100 players who invested wisely in this Big 4 winning number. The PA Lottery had to pay out more than $ 7.2 million dollars than it took in for that drawing. The Big 4 payout was a staggering 1,573 percent of sales according to the lottery spokesperson. Luckily for the PA Big 4 Lottery, quads which are very popular with pick 4 lotto players, are rarely drawn.

The last Quad to be drawn in the PA Big 4 was 2-2-2-2 on September 8, 2008, with a payout of $ 3.09 Million to 1,236 Pick 4 lottery players.

The Pick 4 Strategy to play Quads by so many Pick 4 lotto players poses the strategy Most State Lotteries use to counter pick 4 lotto results that could bankrupt them …. this is their greatest fear.

As a Pick 4 lottery player, when was the last time you were shut out with your favorite Pick 4 Quad?

5 Popular destinations for golf in Florida

Florida has a diverse geography of his southern heritage and scenic beauty, spectacular as its history. Over the years, the state has attracted first-rate golf architects to take advantage of the area & # 39, S undulating terrain and low-lying wetlands, to turn them into a magnificent golf course. With pine trees, magnificent courses, world-class resorts and a proxy in an infinite number of theme parks, Florida golf destinations and is easily among the world # 39; s most sought-after locations. It is not surprising that thousands of golfers do not fit the state after one year. In an effort to help you plan your dream golf vacation in Florida, we have compiled a list of the five most popular destinations for a golf trip to the Sunshine State:


Miami is famous for its vibrant nightlife and beautiful beaches with white sand. Through his annual sunny weather & # 39; e, long coastline and marshy wetlands, a beautiful city in Florida & # 39, S southeastern tip emblazoned golf-friendly landscape. There is no wonder that this is the main holiday destination boasts one of the United States and # 39; s most visited golf courses, including the legendary Doral Golf Resort and Spa, and Senator course at the Shul Don & # 39; s among others. Add to this the many museums, national parks and the Caribbean live under the influence of lifestyle and it becomes easy to justify the city & # 39; s growing popularity among the hottest players in golf.


Located along the glittering Gulf Coast, Naples boasts more than 50 championship courses in the vicinity, and 35 courses right in town. The design of some of the most significant architects of golf including Jack Nicklaus, Tom Fazio, Arthur Hills and Arnold Palmer, golf societies and resorts in the lively beach town is the top draws among global tourists. In addition to his signature golf courses, the city has a number of public courses, and the fact that attributes to its growing popularity among amateur golfers.

tampa Bay

Besides the beautiful beaches along the tranquil blue waters of the Gulf of Mexico and the sunny and warm climate throughout the year, the area of ​​Tampa Bay has a number of world-class resorts and a rich private, upscale daily fee and-private floor golf course, S & # 39 As one of the the most popular Super Bowl host cities and home to dozens of amusement parks add to its appeal as one of the top tourist destinations in the United States.


It would not be an exaggeration to say Orlando among Florida & # 39; s top five golf destinations. And at home in more than 123 courses within a 45 minute drive away from the city center, Orlando easily justifies its position as a golfer and # 39; s paradise. It & # 39; s one of the reasons why some of the world & # 39; s best players call Orlando home. For tourists, the city offers many opportunities for recreation on the course. The average annual temperature is 72.4 degrees turns it into an entire season golfing destination.

West Palm Beach

Many historical monuments, historical quarters, cultural centers and nightlife complements the city & # 39; s classic, player-friendly golf course. Standing against a background of an abundance of palm trees, pines and oaks, West Palm Beach & # 39; s excellent courses with & # 39 is a favorite among local and foreign tourists.

Coming complete with a beautiful courses and world-class hotels, Florida area golf dream come true for the players really passionate about the game. With over thousands of courses and a number of off-course activities, Florida attracts hot golfer with many opportunities.

Safer Cars Does Not Mean Safer Roads

These days, it is pretty standard for cars to include top of the line safety features. These range from rear-view cameras, lane departure warnings, Traction control and even blind spot detection.

Driving a safe vehicle can also mean more money in your pocket as drivers can save on car insurance cost. A car insurance company is generally able to provide more affordable car insurance if your vehicle has safety features. However, safer cars do not needlessly mean safer roads across the country.

From January to June, approximately 18,720 people have died on US roads. As a result of a growing economy, people are driving more divided compared to recession level data. Less unemployment means more cars are on the road getting people to and from work and more money for leisure activities. In 2017, Americans traveled 3.22 trillion miles according to the Federal Highway Administration.

Factor in more miles driven along with speeding, drug and alcohol impaired driving and distracted driving and the fatality rate is at an all-time high.

South Carolina leads the nation in traffic fatality rates per miles traveled. In 2017, the state had 1.88 deaths per 100 million miles traveled, which is almost two times the national average. Illinois reported 1,090 traffic deaths.

This trend prompted Governor Rauner to declare August 17 as Traffic Fatality Awareness Day at the Illinois State Fair through a partnership with the Illinois Department of Transportation, the Illinois State Police, Illinois Department of Health, Illinois Secretary of State and Mothers Against Drunk Driving.

States across the country have launched similar awareness efforts like Vision Zero. Vision Zero's goal is to strategically eliminate traffic injuries and injuries while increasing safe, healthy and equitable mobility for everyone.

Reducing speed is perhaps the most effective way to reduce the fatalities. Speed ​​increases the distance it takes a car to come to a complete stop. The speed of impact is also directly correlated to the risk of death. The higher the speed of impact, the higher the probability of a passenger dying becomes.

Even with lower speeds, it is hard for police officers to enforce these lower limits. Automated cameras are already unpopular and adding more would also be costly.

Every year, an estimated 40,000 Americans die on the road. With effective legislation and commitment, we can all work together to reduce that statistic.

According to the research by the Overseas Development Institute and the WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities, one way to make progress is to treat traffic fatalities and road safety as a public health issue. The public has to stop blaming drivers for collisions and look to policymakers for ways to help prevent them.

Three countries Criminal law History of Florida

As a follower and writer of criminal law, the author often reported about the strange stories the criminal law of the State of Florida. Here are some of my favorite old stories that I would like to share with the rest of the world.

Orange County. Florida: Day weekend Veteran, 2010, the Department of Orange County Sheriff became a national laughingstock when it became known that the sheriff deputies and members of the Florida Department of Business and Professional Regulation conducted a series of warrantless raids against the local hairdresser Orlando, who made history by arresting 35 people on charges of offense "shaving without a license," after having spent several months exploring this question. A record check revealed that in the last ten years, only three people in the whole state of Florida was dpravleny imprisoned on such charges. In the case of instantaneous, many of trawls without a warrant entail employee teem hairdressers, had a child inside and put in handcuffs and a hairdresser "criminal move" their police cars. At least one arrest was made cloak when one of the raids netted barber from unlicensed gun. We learn further that all were African-American and Latino barbershops blocks.

This surprising report raises questions with & # 39 is known, these areas because pockets of "criminal shave?"

New Port Richey, FL: It's an amazing story, too, in 2010, as many of you know, "Four Loko» with & # 39 is a caffeinated alcoholic beverage. New Port Richey man drank four bottles, and then went on a naked excitement. Police say 21-year-old man ran barefoot from the back of his house to the house a few blocks away, broken sliding glass door and searched the house. Then he took off his clothes, defecate on the floor and ripped the door off its hinges, according to deputies in Pasco & # 39; e County. In another house, a woman came home to find a naked man lubricates the blood, sleeping on the couch. She called 911. According to the report, when deputies arrived, the man allegedly said, "Why arrest me, I have not stolen anything?". He was before the & # 39; revealed by the prosecution on two counts burglary.

The title of this little story could be read: «Loko Gone Loco". It's probably best to stay away from this dangerous product.

Hernando Jail, Florida: 2011. Strange things happen in prison. Prison Inmate in Hernando enough honeybuns, to pay off a gambling debt, and was repaid with a punch in the face. The prisoner confessed that he lost a football bet with fellow prisoner. The loser of the bet, said he went to put the winner of the cage to give him a bear's claws, it has to him, but he was a short four honeybuns. The winner of the pair was not happy to be thrown on the bet and lost hit so hard that he had to be hospitalized. So, the winner bets and punch. He was arrested on a single battery charge.

If it was a casino gambling on rates set by lost could: I'll see your one bear paw and raise you four honeybuns …

Florida Phosphate Mining buffer zones

Extraction strip phosphates are known to cause serious & # 39; landscape serious disruptions. plans for mitigation and ultimate reclamation of land from the & # 39 are required to be "allowed" to strip the central Florida land for phosphate ore. Strip mining deemed to create the worst man-made ground breaking famous said Department of Environmental Protection. Phosphates, production as a whole band creates serious & # 39; serious environmental consequences for Central Florida watershed, including river manat, the Myakka River and River World, to name a few.

Central Florida & # 39; watersheds to produce enough drinking water annual support nearly 6 million people and continues to grow. You can imagine how important it is Central Florida & # 39; s watersheds produce public drinking water quality and quantity. In other words, water is absorbed and retained landscape. Water flows into the ground, sometimes for years, before returning to the surface, all the while moving through the subsurface "seep" (clean) water for everyone to enjoy.

All of the above, of course, contained freshwater considered a valuable natural resource of all in central Florida. Most of Florida & # 39; s freshwater resources are consumed for drinking, livestock, irrigation and other public purposes. Consumption of water is usually recycled by natural processes, such as evaporation and rainwater.

However, in Florida & # 39; with phosphate industry located in central Florida west over consumes water, which can not be discharged back into the environment because the water of 39 & # is extremely toxic. During consumption of the phosphate industry, water is mixed with the toxic accumulation of liquid acids containing radioactive materials and other toxic waste byproducts from phosphate fertilizer production. Once the water is consumed by the phosphate industry, it can not be released back into the environment, but it seems to find its way. You can see some of the benefits of building "buffer" zones to mitigate the toxic effects on the environment caused by the production of phosphate-based fertilizers.

Buffer surrounding phosphate mining operations seem to offer empirical evidence in the reduction of phosphorus in clay siege area (CSA) highly compacted soils. Compacted soil phosphate poor water pipes to create a surface absorption buffer zones ecologically important for the millions of acres of watershed and phosphate resources together in central Florida.

"In search of economic solutions to environmental problems, we discover the ways in which the purpose of regulation, rather than a process of paramount importance." Schlesinger, Dean, Nicholas School of the Environment and Earth Sciences at Duke University. Buffer zones are of paramount importance, if not required, means the surrounding phosphate to reduce certain environmental damage of phosphate production in whole band.

Buffer (1) provide a method for the toxins being absorbed (absorption) when landing terrain Flora, which is based on the type of toxins soften. Buffer zones with & # 39 are the environmental benefits, because they create a bar & # 39; EASURES between toxic and nontoxic plots of land. Buffer zones are created by planting specific herbs, bushes and trees, absorption (absorbing) specific toxins.

EXAMPLE three landing ring buffer. Outside the ring buffer zone (far from the toxic source) planted particular herbs known specific absorption of toxins. Then specific undergrowth (middle ring) planted inside herbaceous ring which surrounds the ring closer to toxic sources where trees planted to maximize absorption of toxins. Tree or ring inside the ring, with the buffer zone can be planted eucalyptus, because this type of wood, is known to absorb phosphorus (1). Phosphate funds can mitigate the destruction of the surrounding environment on the basis of a lot of rational engineering practices, such as the construction of buffer zones of engineering.

Engineered phosphate buffers need industry to reduce damage greatly disturbed landscapes. CSA & # 39; s to 39 & # are an excellent example where buffer zones will reduce greatly disturbed landscapes for absorption of phosphorus. Eucalyptus apparently thrives on phosphorus absorption produces high yields for untreated wood used for construction and other purposes. Interestingly, all the technologies mentioned above are known to produce positive results, but in Florida & # 39; Mayo phosphate industry does not want to suffer from the profit value of civil engineering phosphate buffer zones around on the & # 39 objects.

phosphorus uptake eucalyptus wood around of phosphate about 39 & # objects constructed using buffers are known to reduce nutrients phosphorus (pollutants) which are transmitted through the soil outside the buffer zone, including the water (2) areas as well. Techniques such as buffer zones in the real world, the successful application of engineered soil, grasses and wood for maximum absorption of toxic soil.

1. Understanding the science behind the coastal forest buffer: Effects … –
2. NCSU group of water quality. –

Prairie Style Architecture – DeKalb, Illinois

I have already discussed DeKalb, Illinois' most obvious example of Prairie style architecture, the oft-mistaken for a Frank Lloyd Wright work AO Anderson House. While prominent it is not the only example of the style in the city. In fact, there are other examples of the style by architects much more well-known than John S. Van Bergen. Augusta Avenue is a good place to start, within a block of the Anderson House are two examples of architecture by a key Prairie architect.

1908 – Dr. FN Rowan House

At 250 Augusta Avenue is the Dr. FN Rowan House, a Tudor Revival influenced structure designed by Oak Park, Illinois architect EE Roberts, though it is clearly not full-blown Tudor Revival. The curvilinear dormer seen here was a trademark of his Prairie style work. In fact, if you look, you can see other Prairie influences on the house, the broad, flat roof of the large porch, the porch itself, the overhanging eaves, all elements of Prairie style. Hipped roof are not a requirement. The half timbering, though, screams Tudor Revival. Roberts was an important architect who designed hundreds of homes in Oak Park alone. While Roberts is considered a Prairie architect, he never had any working association with his near rival Frank Lloyd Wright and always kept to his own vision of Prairie style architecture. The Rowan House was built in 1908.

1904 – Etna J. Wiswall House

Across the street from the Rowan House, but still facing Augusta, is the EJ Wiswall House. The Wiswall House is another example of Roberts' work in DeKalb, this one showing more of a Prairie tilt. While Roberts' credit for the home is not a 100 percent certainty it very closely resembles a Roberts designed home in Oak Park and he is generally credited with having won the Wiswall commission. The house is clad entirely in stucco, features a large, pillar-supported porch, and hipped roofs with broad overhanging eaves; all hallmarks of Prairie style architecture. The house is believed to have been constructed in 1904.

Seemelessly blended with nature, the front door just is not where you'd think it should be. C. 1895 Rankin House.

Of the early Prairie style works in DeKalb the Rankin House at 200 W. Locust Street was, sometimes, done by the most pre-eminent architect of the group. The stucco clad, two-story Rankin House may well indeed be the work of architect George W. Maher. Maher was a noted Chicago Prairie style architect whose John C. Farson House (better known as Pleasant Home) in Oak Park has been declared a National Historic Landmark. The Rankin House has a front door that just is not where you would expect it. The home was built c. 1895.

The door is along the east side, along with a large chimney.

It's unknown when the house was designed by Maher for sure, there are other candidates for its design, it is very similar, along with another DeKalb house at 594 W. Lincoln Hwy, to other Maher missions.

The layout of the chimney and portico is reminiscent of John S. Van Bergen's work. 1924 – 115 N. First St ..

Another DeKalb Prairie style house is located at 115 N. First Street. This is another example of a home without a known architect, more research is needed. The tall rectangular chimney located on the front of the north facade, near the portico (wiki), is found in the same layout in a 1910 John S. Van Bergen designed apartment complex in Oak Park. Possible evidence of his hand? Hard to say.

The main entrance is located along the north facade, not the front (east facade).

The house is a nice Prairie example, broad, overhanging hip roofs, a large, pillar supported front porch, and a main entrance moved to side in lieu of a lot of glass, allowing the natural light to pour into the structure. The building also appears to hug the ground, an appearance that is enhanced by the building being set into a hillside.

Both sides feature porticos and the home has a Prairie-style horizontal emphasis.

Both the north and south facades feature porticos, and the north facade's (seen two images above) layout reinforces the horizontal emphasis of the home. The Prairie style house on First Street, with the green tile roof, dates from about 1924.

You can get more detail about all of these houses in the articles linked below. The Wikipedia entries that are linked (mostly by me, for you) will give you information about the architects and other information mentioned in this post. Enjoy.

Online Resources

* FN Rowan House: 2004 Daily Chronicle article

* FN Rowan House: Old Photo – 1970s photograph

* EJ Wiswall House: 2005 Daily Chronicle article

* EJ Wiswall House: Old Photo – 1970s photo

* Rankin House: 2005 Daily Chronicle article, another 2005 article

* Rankin House: Old Photos – Oldest known photo; 1970s – 1, 2

* 115 N. First Street: 2005 Daily Chronicle article

* Wikipedia: John S. Van Bergen, EE Roberts, John C. Farson House (all by me), George W. Maher (not by me)

A keen eye will spot other examples of Prairie architecture in DeKalb, something we will explore at a later date. Tomorrow, follow me to the tiny village of Esmond, Illinois.

Building a new home – the first steps in the development of plans in Florida, and in other areas

Building in Miami or any part of South Florida's completely different from any other building in the area of ​​the country. While most of the east coast of the United States and much of the rest of the country, the building of houses with wooden frame and finished with brick or wood siding, South Florida building of concrete blocks and concrete.

Quality vs. price

Due to the structure of the wind storm in this area should be very strong. Where the rest of the country looks at us, because they are used only in a concrete block foundations, for my money, I really like concrete and block construction. Concrete blocks are not getting termites and rot. Thus, a particular block structure during the last 100 years or more with little or no maintenance. Unfortunately, the vast majority of homes in Miami have wooden rafters with plywood sheathing roofing, roofing material and then either gravel or concrete tiles on top. This type of design is not particularly good to resist hurricane conditions. Although the Florida Building Code protested his best to increase the requirements for the installation of the roof sheathing and finishing the roof, it can not begin to compare with the strength of the roof would have if the concrete slab was used for the roof structure.

So why, when we know that it is not we build a concrete slab roof? Cost – the only reason worth. It is much more expensive, how to design and install a concrete roof panels, especially on the side to take concrete tile covering.

Therefore, one of the first things a homeowner should be set at the beginning of the design process for a new home as the owner wants to spend on the construction. There is a cheap way to build a house and expensive way. This is an issue that will come many times in the process of design and construction.


But in order to determine the budget, the landlord must first install the new square foot home. Establish the total area in square feet, it will have to create a program for the home. A program is a list of numbers with their respective dimensions.

See an example of the list is as follows:

Living room of 240 square feet
Dining room of 120 square feet
Kitchen 170 square feet
Family Room 240 sq ft
The master bedroom is 240 square feet
Master bathroom 64 square feet
Bedroom number 2 216 square feet
Bedroom number 3192-square-foot
Bath № 2 36 square feet
Laundry 100 square feet
Linen closet 9 square feet
A / C Case 9 square feet

Total square feet = 1636

Circulation and walls is 20% = 1634 square feet = 327 square feet

Total = 1634 + 327 = 1,961 square feet

So now we have a general idea of ​​the main spaces of the house, and about how many square feet of total homeowner need for the house.

In addition, it is a good time to decide whether any open space, such as a covered terrace or gazebo. In Florida, they are particularly well added to interior spaces. With excellent temperatures in winter there is no reason to spend all the time in the air-conditioned interior spaces.


So there will be a house that just under 2,000 square feet worth in South Florida? There's no magic formula to determine this. Value of the home depends on many things related to the design, such as the type of roof, ceiling height (s), design complexity, finishing, whether it's going to be a septic tank or sewage system, as well as the type of foundation. Then there are those costs that have nothing to do with the design, as the location of the house is occupied, with the & # 39 are contractors in the area, as a well-known and reliable contractor, etc. Despite the fact that the price of the house may be different from each other because of all the elements described above, at this time the range of $ 150 to $ 250 per square foot can be used for a house that is not too much detail with the standard design. So that when we return to the example. 2,000-square-foot building will cost between $ 300,000 and $ 500,000 excluding land.

project team

The building department of Miami-Dade County does not require plans for a family & # 39; and residence must be signed and sealed by the architect or engineer. This is not true for all the municipalities of the region. For example, Coral Gables requires all plans must be signed and sealed by an architect. But for all practical purposes about & # 39; the amount of information that must be included in a set of plans in any jurisdiction in Miami-Dade County, most of the time, there is a need to hire more specialists: architect, engineer, MEP software, and engineering. LEAP stands for mechanical, electrical and plumbing. Mechanical engineer develops air conditioning, electrical engineer develops electric, including lighting and plumbing engineer designs the plumbing. structural engineer designs the structure and provides the necessary structural calculations for the building shell. The architect designs the house and coordinates of all & # 39; s work. Coordination of all the students, probably, the architect and # 39; s most important role, as without the consent can not be real conflicts during the construction phase. Despite the fact that it is legal to make plans for yourself in some parts of the country, it would be an impossible task to produce construction drawings for the permit (if the homeowner does not have experience in the construction of the actual experience and knowledge of the Florida building codes and local codes zoning).

These design services are a homeowner? In addition, they are very different, but there are also a number of good among established professionals. This range will be between 6% and 10% of construction costs for the plans for the resolution of all disciplines. Services during the construction phase, usually paid for separately on an hourly basis, or in a separate package.

house style

Another important decision to be made at an early stage with the & # 39 is the style of the house. There are three basic styles are popular for home design in South Florida – Modern, Mediterranean and Key West.

Once a homeowner decides which style he wants, it is very important to convey the style and detail to the architect. The best way to explain the architect that he wants to or through the images from magazines or actual photos of other homes.

architect's choice

Now that you have the basic elements together, the next step is to select your architect. This is very important as it is the person with whom you will be working very closely over the next year.

Take a survey of the existing land of the time you are closed on the mortgage. If you lose it, or & # 39; too old or inaccurate, the architect arranges for you to get it done to upgrade or have a new one.

Ask to see pictures of his / her work. Ask for references. Asking questions. Ask him / her how he would approach the project. It begins to make sense if it was someone you could work. as the preferred style of the architect & # 39 You work? Have his / her work appeal to you? Ask about this process. Ask what you should expect in the way of his / her services. Ask him to show you the plans for a similar project.

People with & # 39 are the face, and each is unique. I remember how many people have hired me because I liked my "Mediterranean" or "Spanish" style or my modern or post-modern style. One person told me that she hired me because I returned her phone calls quickly. Chemistry between people it makes sense. Nha devalue first impressions.

construction documents

As a rule, construction documents entail several parts: the drawings, specifications, instructions to bidders, and its addendum. Usually, when the architect handles the construction phase rate for the owner, he selects the type of contract owner will have with the contractor. This document is also a & # 39 is part of the construction documents.

Drawings & # 39 are a major part of the work that the specifications serve as a guide step by step to the contractor for use during construction. Sometimes in large workplaces, specifications are contained in a separate book and the guidelines of the project. In most residential projects, the specification is usually covered in the form of notes right in the drawings. For complex inter & # 39; erav separate package is an architect and paid for separately.

Construction documents are generated in phases from the general to the detailed. I would like to divide their projects into 4 stages: pre-design, design development, construction documents 50% and 100% of the construction documents. Each phase is based on the preliminary phase, until the architect Sun feels that all drawings are coordinated between the different disciplines and is ready to provide for the resolution.

With careful planning and communication with your architect, his drawings, and good coordination and careful selection of a reputable contractor, your new home project should proceed without any problems. Although frequently change orders due to unforeseen changes in conditions or the owner wants to carry out, most of the issues to be resolved before the start of construction.

For more information about the role of the architect in the construction process, see my article on the role of the architect in the construction process, is published here.