Florida Lotto Extra – a good bet for each additional dollar

If you play the Florida lottery, you have the opportunity to spend an extra dollar to play the Florida Lotto Xtra. In my opinion, Xtra with & # 39 is a good choice; it should be mandatory. At present, I & # 39; I explain why.

Firstly, the game Florida Lotto 6/53 game, which means that in order to win the jackpot, players must match six numbers from a total of fifty-three balls drawn. The chances of matching all six numbers to win a jackpot, about 1-in-23-million. There are small prizes for matching anywhere from 2 to 5 digits. When you buy an option Xtra, any of the smaller prizes are multiplied by 2 to 5 times. This multiplier is randomly selected each core.

That's why I think that all lottery players in Florida to play Xtra when buying Florida Lotto tickets: Let & # 39; s, for example, say that you will get a 5-to-6 numbers to win the second prize, which is usually $ 5000 Xtra multiplier, if you paid Xtra dollar for it, turn your $ 5000 win in either $ 10,000, $ 15,000, $ 20,000 or $ 25,000, depending on what the factor was chosen randomly. In fact, Xtra multiplier is equivalent to buy more tickets with the same numbers. For example, if the multiplier has been selected 5, it would be like to buy more than 5 tickets with the same numbers, and it would only cost you an extra $ 1 to do this. Of course, five tickets with the same numbers, in this example, you would have won $ 25,000 instead of $ 5,000 This # 39; Why Florida Lottery Xtra with & # 39 is a good buy.

Not only do you get the benefit of receiving up to five times more tickets with the same numbers, you also get the benefit of an additional premium. If you play Xtra, there is an additional prize of a free ticket, if you match 2-to-6 numbers, while it would not be the case if the Xtra was included.

A Brief History of the American Felony Murder Rule


After our American Independence a number of the new states began legislative reforms to codify the crime of murder. One of the earliest states to do so was Pennsylvania. In 1794, that state enacted a murder degree measure which divided murder into first degree capital murder and second degree murder. The Pennsylvania legislature constricted the penalty for felony murder by imposing capital punishment only for such felonies as occurred in the perpetration of arson, rape, robbery or burglary. The statement further provided that all murder in the state other than ones committed in the perpetration of one of the common law felonies specified in their degree statute was to be second degree murder.

Later the felony of kidnapping was added to the list of specified felonies for purposes of felony murder. Only first degree murder served as a basis for hanging. The Pennsylvania statute did not actually form a felony murder rule or define the elements of murder. Instead the statute identified participation in certain felonies as a grading element that aggravated murder liability. The statute prescribed that:
All murder, which shall be perpetrated by means of poison, or by laying in wait, or by any other kind of wilful, deliberate and premeditated killing, or which shall be committed in the perpetration or attempt to perpetrate any arson, rape, robbery, or burglary, shall be deemed murder in the first degree; and all other kinds of murder will be murder in the second degree.

The implication of the statute is that murder in the course of one of the enumerated felonies did not require wilful, deliberate, and premeditated killing. The language of the statute does not suggest that the mere causing of death in the course of any felony was always murder. This idea is much more in line of what Lord Hale was proposing in his writings at the end of the seventeenth century and is similar to Judge Stephen's jury instruction in the Serne case: that it would be murder only if the felonious act was known to be dangerous to life and likely to cause death. The word "deemed" in the statute implied the notification that a judge or jury could weigh the facts of the case and decide whether the conduct of an accused warranted a charge of murder for which the accused could be hung.

The Pennsylvania statute was clearly influential, depicting homogeneous reform statutes in two thirds of the then existing states during the nineteenth century. Twelve states adopted Pennsylvania's grading scheme with little or no modification, the states which adopted the Pennsylvania statute as drafted were: Virginia in 1796, Kentucky from 1798 to 1801, Maryland in 1810, Louisiana from its admission in1812 to 1855, Tennessee in 1829, Michigan in 1838, Arkansas in 1838, New Hampshire in 1842, Connecticut in 1846, Delaware in 1852, Massachusetts in 1858, and West Virginia, entering the Union with such a statute in 1863.

Another nineteen states adopted a somewhat modified grading scheme. The States that adopted the Pennsylvania statute with a modified modified grading scheme were: Ohio in 1815, Maine in 1840, Alabama in 1841, Missouri in 1845, Iowa in 1851, Indiana in 1852, California in 1856, Texas in 1858, New York in 1860, Kansas (entering the Union with such a law in 1861), Oregon in 1864, Nevada (entering the Union with such a law in 1864), Nebraska in 1873, Montana (entering the Union with such a law in 1889), Washington (entering the union with such a law in 1889), Idaho (entering the Union with such a law in 1890), Wyoming (entering the Union with such a law in 1890), North Carolina in 1893, and Utah (entering the Union with such law in 1896).


The first true felony murder rule statute was passed in Illinois in 1827. The Illinois statute defined murder as unlawful killing with express malice, or acting with knowledge that the acts will or probably will result in death or great bodily harm, and felony murder. The sentence added that an "involuntary killing … in the commission of an unlawful act which in its consequences, naturally tends to destroy the life of a human being, or is committed in the prosecution of a felonious intent … shall be deemed and adjudged to be murder. " Again, we see the influence of Lord Hale and not Lord Coke. Illinois's statute is a true felony murder sentence. Yet, it is not a strict liability statute in that it limits liability for an involuntary killing in the course of a felony that "tends to destroy the life of a human being." It is not applicable to all felonies. Hale thought that it would be murder only if the felonious act was known to be dangerous to life and likely to cause death.

In 1829 a statute enacted in New Jersey included within murder killing "in committing, or attempting to commit, sodomy, rape, arson, robbery, or burglary, or any unlawful act against the peace of this state, of which the probable consequential may be bloodshed … "During that same year New York passed the strictest of the new felony murder rule statutes. Their statute defined murder as killing "without any design to effect death, by a person engaged in the commission of any felony." At the end of the nineteenth century, nineteen states had adopted such different kinds of felony murder statutes. These states were: Illinois in 1827), New Jersey in 1829, Georgia in1833, Mississippi in 1839, Alabama in 1841, Missouri in 1845, Wisconsin in 1849, California in 1850, Texas in 1857, Minnesota (entering the Union with such a law in 1858), Nevada (entering the Union with such a law in 1864), Oregon in 1864, Nebraska in 1866, although repealing the law in 1873, Florida in 1868, Colorado (entering the Union with such a law in 1876), Idaho and Montana (both entering the Union with such laws in 1889), and Utah (entering the Union with such a law in 1896).

The twenty century began with most states having various ways for defying felony murder: predicating murder liability on implied malice, as well as a felony; predicating murder liability on dangerous felonies, sometimes called enumerated felonies, or predicating murder liability on any felony. Through the twenty century and into the twenty-first century we continue to see American states defining felony murder in the same ways. The growth of felony murder in the United States had more to do with Pennsylvania's 1794 murder grading statement than it did with Lord Coke's notice in the seventeenth century that a death caused by an unlawful act is murder.

The felony murder rule in the United States has been more expansive than that employed in England due to the pairing of two concepts. One, the concept of felony murder itself and the ways it may be defined by statute and two, the concept of vicarious liability used to hold all co-conspirators liable for the substantive crimes committed by any one of the conspirators in the course of executing the unlawful agreement that may have led to the American felony murder rule.

Such a situation may obtain when Bonnie and Clyde decide to rob the local liquor store and they enlist Clyde's brother Buck to drive them to the liquor store, stay outside to act as a look out and to be their getaway driver. Buck agrees. If during the robbery the store clerk reaches for his.38 revolver under the counter causing Bonnie to fire her tommy gun at him but she misses and her bullets kills an innocent patron of the store, then Bonnie, Clyde, and Buck would all be held liable for and could each be convicted of conspiracy to rob, armed robbery, and felony murder. The felony murder rule was never applied this way in England.

The mandates of the Florida Hurricane Insurance Surcharge for homeowners property – Are you eligible?

Florida Initiative 2008 general elections, vote & # 39 is a bill to make hurricane insurance as a local authority property tax at market value. it looks very dangerous for me, because it basically runs on every homeowner, whether they want it or not, additional insurance costs associated with the hurricane warning.

Most of us do not have the millions of homes on the beach, so why do we suddenly need hurricane insurance, but to make the insurance companies rich or cover their losses. Remember, insurance companies dunk homeowner premiums, which are sure to inflate their crates so if the odd disaster occurs, they can cover us. Why do we need to provide more corporate welfare for insurance companies through this initiative compulsory insurance hurricane? It just does not seem right.

My first thought was somehow rich live along the coast will benefit from all state homeowners who bear the brunt of hurricane insurance. This, of course, would like a beach house owners to pass on some of the insurance hurricane relief for others around the state of Florida. However, upon further investigation, I discovered that this bill has a great exception in the coastal Bar & # 39; erny resources of the region makes these properties in it "inappropriate" any such hurricane insurance.

That being said, something reveals the true motive of this initiative. This is obviously not interested in the fact that all the owners are insured in the event of a hurricane, because homeowners coastal areas are not eligible. So basically hurricane insurance bill with & # 39 is a clear way for insurance companies to & # 39 are caring for a homeowner and to be looking at us, when there is nothing further from the truth. What this bill does make the client and all homeowners to charge for hurricane insurance for those in the least hazardous areas.

The problem with this to be a "market value" of the annual assessment, we can expect a pro-inflation of the national government that the hurricane insurance fees will continue to go up and never stop. Oddly initiative provides that hurricane insurance assessment imposed on the landlord across the state to be "market value" and at the same time they remove the freedom of choice for consumers from the market. Suppose that a homeowner in the area of ​​Florida, where the hurricane never hit does not want to pay for this insurance? If this bill is passed failure is not an option, because like it or not, we all pay.

I think that homeowners bought to be able to choose whether they want to pay for hurricane insurance, not the state, which makes it mandatory. The poor may prefer to feed their children, and not to pay additional taxes on the property for hurricane insurance.

Of course, I can hear the counter-arguments to defend the residents of Florida's most valuable asset – their home. Nevertheless, we should not be people to think smart enough to take care of our own property and insurance without government intervention? I'm always skeptical when suddenly the government argues that looking at me. Especially if those who wins the majority of insurance companies, which at the same time condemning any coverage for homeowners in coastal areas.

Insurance is good in itself. The need to pay additional property taxes, however, to get hurricane coverage and should not be optional, not mandatory. Keep the government out of the pockets of homeowners and not vote on the initiative of the insurance hurricane.

Pet Custody Rights – Big Issues in Divorces

It used to be that in terms of custody rights in divorce decisions, we thought only of children, but as pet ownership has soared and pets have become beloved family members, custody rights for pets have become a big issue. Two states have even gone so far as to enact legislation (other states are considering it) that support a form of customs when it comes to family pets. Although in most states pets are still considered personal property, Illinois and Alaska have forged ahead and passed pet-custody legislation that looks at pet rights with a different perspective.

For example, Illinois's Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage Act, was amended this past January, to differentiate "companion animals" from personal property. In a dispute decision, the jury must consider the "welfare of the pet" before deciding to award sole or joint ownership of the pet. Alaska's similar pet-custody legislation allows courts to consider the pet's "well-being" in making customs decisions. Legislation enactments like Alaska and Illinois support a trend in how we feel about our companion animals. At least 32 states and Puerto Rico and the Dominican Republic, have provisions that enable the courts to award possession of a pet in cases of domestic violence.

Decisions, Decisions, Decisions

Fights over who gets to keep the pets can get as ugly as custody disputes over children. Pets are members of the family for most people and are valued as such. For several years courts have awarded custody, visitation, and alimony payments to pet owners. Estate or trust awards for care of a pet are not unheard of.

The courts in California, who still consider animals as property, do not have the ability to grant custody rights to either spouse. The court only has the right to determine ownership of the animal and the animal's best interest is not a required consideration. Couples are expected to decide how customs, visitation and care will work. If couples can come to a mutual decision on what is best for the pet, an agreement may be made. But, if not, and disagreement prevails, it may be time for a third party intervention.

Mediate Your Way to Successful Pet Sharing

A skilled divorce mediator acts as neutral third party that guides couples through the separation process with careful consideration of each divorce issue. Not only can the mediator help you make decisions on issues such as asset and debt division, alimony, child support and custody, the mediator can also help you to determine the care and custody of your precious pets. Along with the amount of time spent with the pet, divorcing spouses may consider sharing the cost of food and vet bills. With regard to the pet's welfare and with respect to the wishes of each spouse, the mediator will help you to decide a joint or sole custodial agreement that is right for your family.

Florida & # 39; s Unfinished Business Adoption

Gay marriage finally arrived in Florida, one of the earliest and most important battles in America & # 39; s movement for gay rights. But an important part of the unfinished business was buried deep in the Sunshine State & # 39; s legal code.

He is a proposal, which is technically known as Section VI, Section 63.042 (3): "No person entitled to take in accordance with this law, may take if the man with the & # 39 is a homosexual." (1)

Florida Legislative Assembly adopted this position in 1977, when the entertainer Anita Bryant, an evangelical Christian, began its campaign against the Miami & # 39; th new ordinances under the flag of the gay rights organization, it is called Save The Children, Inc. For many Floridians from time, homosexuality was actually something from which children need savings, even if these children were really to be "saved" from the love, nurturing home, led by adults who were committed to their welfare.

As a general principle, Florida encourages adoption. Single and married people can take, and adults as well as children can be taken. Even gays and lesbians can actually take in Florida today, thanks to the appeal decision in 2010, which overturned a ban gay adoption. But the odious prohibition remains in the state and # 39; s books on law, and until the legislature does not erase it, it will continue to stain the state & # 39; s conscience and his reputation. It is as if Florida & # 39; s laws still require racial segregation in parks and auditoriums.

On the marriage front, some diehard social preservatives continue to argue that gay marriage somehow threatens the institution of marriage in general, competing echoes as recently as gay marriage day of the Florida Conference of Catholic Bishops. This argument does not take into account the obvious, which is that same-sex marriage existed in this country for over ten years, without the harmful effects of marriage in general. Marriage as an institution is alleged to be damaged by people who refused to marry; This, of course, not weakened, when more and more people are getting hitched. Florida now with the & # 39 is the 36th state and the District of Columbia to issue licenses to same-sex married couples. Within a few months, the Supreme Court may also bring the other 14 in the fold.

It is unlikely that someone say publicly today that children suffer from having gay parents. Even in republican circles where anti-gay-marriage social conservatives make their political home, this is not a position that can be publicly espoused. That's because Florida & # 39; s majority-Republican lawmakers and Republican Gov. Rick Scott, should immediately send Section 63042 (3). This is the least they can do is to show integrity in relation to their fellow gay.

I am a Floridian. I am a registered Republican. So, I get my share of the jurisdiction of local and national Republicans, which is looking for its support, which I explained to. But I will not back any candidate for public office in Florida without this man is doing everything possible to get this disgusting tired of our state and # 39; th book.

This law is born of hatred, ignorance and fear that marked another era. Regardless of his performance or lack of it, I will not accept it as the current display of people in the place I call my home.


1) Internet Sunshine "2014 Florida Statutes"

Medicaid Overview

Medicaid, also known as medical assistance is a joint federal-state program that provides health insurance coverage to low-income children, seniors and people with disabilities. In addition, it covers care in a nursing home for those who qualify. Medicaid is a state administrated program and provides more comprehensive coverage than Medicare, particularly with regard to nursing home care. However, not all nursing homes participate in the Medicaid program. There are no limits on the maximum length of a Medicaid recipient's stay at a facility.
The Federal government pays roughly one-half of the costs, while the State covers the reminder. In Illinois, the agency that administers Medicaid is the Illinois Department of Public Aid (IDPA). In the absence of any other public program covering long-term nursing home care, Medicaid has become the default nursing home insurance of the middle class.

While Congress and the federal Health Care Financing Administration set out the main rules under which Medicaid operates, each state runs its own program. As a result, the rules are somewhat different in every state, although the framework is the same through the country. The following describes some of the basic rules regarding Medicaid in Illinois.

Resource (Asset) Rules

In order to be eligible for Medicaid benefits in Illinois a nursing home resident may have no more than $ 2,000 in "countable" assets. While a Medicaid applicant may be eligible even if these assets exceed the limits, the applicant will be required to "spend down" these assets. This means that the cost of care must be paid for by the Medicaid applicable to the amount that the assets exceeded the $ 2,000 limit.

The spouse of a nursing home resident – called the community community '- is limited to one half of the couple's joint assets up to $ 84,120 (in 2000) in "countable" assets (see Medicaid, Protection for the Healthy Spouse). The $ 84,120 figure changes each year to reflect inflation. In addition, the community spouse may keep the first $ 17,400, even if that is more than half of the couple's assets. These figures change earlier and are found in the Department of Human Services policy manual. Basic Medicaid information is also available at [http://www.state.il.us/dpa/mednews.htm].
All assets are count against these limits unless the assets fall within the short list of "non countable" assets. These include:

(1) Personal possessions, such as clothing, furniture, and jewelry with an equity value of no more than $ 2000. However, wedding rings, engagement rings and items required because of an individual's medical or physical condition are exempt regardless of value.

(2) One motor vehicle if it meets any one of the following criteria: A) If it is necessary for employment B) If it is necessary for transport for medical treatment of a specific or regular medical problem C) If it is modified for operation by or transportation of a handicapped person or D) if it is necessary because of terrain, remoteness or similar factors to provide necessary transport to perform essential daily activities.

A motor vehicle owned by a nursing home resident is also exempt if transferred to a spouse. In all other cases the exemption is limited to $ 4,500.

(3) The applicant's principal residence, provided it is in the same state in which the individual is applying for coverage although some limitations, discussed below, exist.

(4) In Illinois, up to $ 1,500 of revocable burial expenses are exempt and up to $ 4,120 in irrevocable prepaid expenses are exempt. However, the amount of the revocable expense exemption is reduced by the amount of irrevocable expenses. In all cases, expenses for burial space or plots and other customary items such as a casket or headstone are completely exempt.

(5) Assets that are considered "inaccessible" for one reason or another. These assets often come in the form of specific types of trusts.

The Home

Nursing home residents do not have to sell their homes in order to qualify for Medicaid. In Illinois, the home will not be considered a countable asset for Medicaid eligibility reasons as long as the nursing home resident intends to return home. The home may also be kept if the Medicaid applicant's spouse, sibling, minor or disabled child lives there. However, if the applicant leaves the home with no intention of returning, the property must be counted as an asset.

The Transfer Penalty

The second major rule of Medicaid eligibility is the penalty for transferring assets. Congress does not want you to move into a nursing home on Monday, give all your money to your children (or whomever) on Tuesday, and qualify for Medicaid on Wednesday. So it has imposed a penalty on people who transfer assets without receiving fair value in return.

This penalty is a period of time during which the person transferring the assets will be ineligible for Medicaid. The penal period is determined by dividing the amount transferred by what Medicaid determinates to be the average private pay cost of a nursing home in Illinois. The period of ineligibility starts on the first day of the month of the transfer.
Example: If a Medicaid applicant made gifts totaling $ 90,000 in a state where the average nursing home bill is $ 5,000 a month, he or she would be ineligible for Medicaid for 18 months ($ 90,000 $ $ 5,000 = 18).
Another way to look at the above example is that for every $ 5,000 transferred, an applicant would be ineligible for Medicaid nursing home benefits for one month.

In theory, there is no limit on the number of months a person can be ineligible.

Example: The period of ineligibility for the transfer of property worth $ 400,000 would be 80 months ($ 400,000 $ $ 5,000 = 80).
However, the IDA may look only at transfers made during the 36 months prioring an application for Medicaid (or 60 months if the transfer was made to certain trusts). This is called the "look-back period." Effectively, then, there is now a 36-month limit on periods of ineligibility resulting from transfers. This means that people who make large transfers must be careful not to apply for Medicaid before the 36-month look-back period passes.

Example: To use the above example of the $ 400,000 transfers, if the individual made the transfer on January 1, 1998, and waited until February 1, 2001, to apply for Medicaid – 37 months later – the transfer would not affect his or Egypt her Medicaid eligibility. However, if the individual applied for benefits in December 2000, only 35 months after transferring the property, he or she would have to wait the full 80 months before becoming eligible for benefits.

Exceptions to the Transfer Penalty

Transferring assets to certain recipients will not trigger a period of Medicaid ineligibility. These exemptions recipients include:

(1) A spouse (or a transfer to anyone else as long as it is for the spouse's benefit);

(2) A blind or disabled child;

(3) A trust for the benefit of a blind or disabled child;

(4) A trust for the sole benefit of a disabled individual under age 65 (even if the trust is for the benefit of the Medicaid applicant, under certain circumstances).

In addition, special exceptions apply to the transfer of a home. The Medicaid applicant may freely transfer his or her home to the following individuals without incurring a transfer penalty:

(1) The applicant's spouse;

(2) A child who is under age 21 or who is blind or disabled;

(3) Into a trust for the sole benefit of a disabled individual under age 65 (even if the trust is for the benefit of the Medicaid applicant, under certain circumstances);

(4) A sibling who has lived in the home during the year precedent the applicant's institutionalization and who already holds an equity interest in the home; Egypt

(5) A "caretaker child," who is defined as a child of the applicant who lived in the house for at least two years prior to the applicant's institutionalization and who during that period provided care that allowed the applicable to avoid a nursing home stay .

Congress has created a very important escape hatch from the transfer penalty: the penalty will be "cured" if the transferred asset is returned in its entity, or it will be reduced if the transferred asset is partially returned.

Is Transferring Assets Against the Law?
You may have heard that transferring assets, or helping someone to transfer assets, to achieve Medicaid eligibility is a crime. Is this true? The short answer is that for a brief period it was, and it's possible, despite illegally under current law, that it will be in the future.
As part of a 1996 Kennedy-Kassebaum health care bill, Congress made it a crime to transfer assets for purposes of achieving Medicaid eligibility. Congress repealed the law as part of the 1997 Balanced Budget bill, but replaced it with a statute that made it a crime to advise or counsel someone for a fee regarding transferring assets for purposes of obtaining Medicaid. This meant that despite transferring assets was again legal, explaining the law to clients could have been a criminal act.
In 1998, Attorney General Janet Reno determined that the law was unconstitutional because it violated the First Amendment protection of free speech, and she told Congress that the Justice Department would not enforce the law. Around the same time, a US District Court judge in New York said that the law could not be enforced for the same reason. Correspondingly, the law remains on the books, but it will not be enforced. Since it is possible that these rulings may change, you should contact our office before filing a Medicaid application.

Treatment of Income
The basic Medicaid rule for nursing home residents is that they must pay all of their income, minus certain deductions, to the nursing home. The charges include a $ 30-a-month personal needs allowance, a deduction for any unclovered medical costs (including medical insurance premiums), and, in the case of a married applicant, an allowance for the spouse who continues to live at home if he Egypt she needs income support. A deduction may also be allowed for a dependent child living at home. A deduction is also allowed for community spouse maintenance needs. The allowance in 2000 was $ 2,103 and is adjusted annually. This allows the Medicaid recipient to exempt some of his / her income for the purpose of spouse maintenance.
Example: if Mr. X resides in a long term care facility such as a nursing home and has monthly income of $ 1,600 and his spouse has income of $ 800 a month (from pension or social security for example) then the difference between the minority's $ 800 / mo. Income and the $ 2,103 allowance (in 2000) may be contributed by Mr. X to his spouse and he may deduct that amount, up to the total allowance, from his income for asset calculation purposes. Under the facts of the example, this would allow Mr. X a $ 503 community spouse deduction and $ 30 personal needs deduction. The amount of Mr. X's income in excess of the deductions ($ 1,600- $ 503- $ 30 = $ 1,067) must be "spent down" or paid to cover the medical expenses each month. A similar deduction exists for dependent family members including dependent adult children, dependent parents or dependent siblings.

For Medicaid applicants who are married, the income of the community spouse is not counted in determining the Medicaid applicant's eligibility. Only income in the applicant's name is counted in determining his or her eligibility. Thus, even if the community spouse is still working and earning $ 5,000 a month, she will not have to contribute to the cost of caring for her spouse in a nursing home if Medicaid covers him.

Protections for the Healthy Spouse

The Medicaid law provides special protections for the spouse of a nursing home resident to make sure she has the minimum support needed to continue to live in the community.
The so-called "spousal protections" work this way: if the Medicaid applicant is married, the countable assets of both the community spouse and the institutionalized spouse are totaled as of the date of "institutionalization," the day on which the ill spouse enters either a hospital or a long-term care facility in which he or she then stays for at least 30 days.
In Illinois, the community spouse may keep one half of the couple's total "countable" assets up to a maximum of $ 84,120 (in 2000). Called the "community spouse resource permission," this is the most that Illinois allows a community spouse to retain without a hearing or a court order.
Example: If a couple has $ 100,000 in countable assets on the date the applicable incomes a nursing home, he or she will be eligible for Medicaid once the couple's assets have been reduced to a combined figure of $ 52,000 – $ 2,000 for the applicant and $ 50,000 for the community spouse.

In all circumstances, the income of the community spouse will continue undisturbed; he or she will not have to use his or her income to support the nursing home spouse receiving Medicaid benefits. But what if most of the couple's income is in the name of the institutionalized spouse, and the community spouse's income is not enough to live on? In such cases, the community spouse is entitled to some or all of the monthly income of the institutionalized spouse as described above in "treatment of income."

In exceptional circumstances, community spouses may seek an increase in the income allowance either by appealing to the IDPA or obtaining a court order of spousal support.

Estate Recovery and Liens
Under Medicaid law, following the death of the Medicaid recipient a state must attempt to recover from his or her estate whatever benefits it paid for the recipient's care. However, no recovery can take place until the death of the recipient's spouse, or as long as there is a child of the Deceased who is under 21 or who is blind or disabled.

The IDPA is permitted to seek recovery of paid benefits in all of the benefit recipient's probate property. Given the rules for Medicaid eligibility, the only probate property of substantive value that a Medicaid recipient is likely to own at death is his or her home.
In addition to the right to recover from the estate of the Medicaid beneficiary, IDPA must place a lien on real estate owned by a Medicaid beneficiary during her life without certain dependent relatives being living in the property. If the property is sold while the Medicaid beneficiary is living, not only will she cease to be eligible for Medicaid due to the cash she would net from the sale, but also she would have to satisfy the lien by paying back the state for its coverage of her care to date. The exceptions to this rule are cases where a spouse, a disabled or blind child, a child under age 21, or a sibling with an equity interest in the house is living there.
Whether or not a lien is placed on the house, the lien's purpose should only be for recovery of Medicaid expenses. The IDPA may seek to enforce the lien at any time there is a transfer of the real property, in cases of fraud, or at the time of death of the owner.

Florida & # 39; s Stand Your Ground Law: The solution in search of a problem

Solution in search of a problem

Considered from the perspective of the recent murders prosecuted in Florida, the state legislature has done great harm to Floridians in 2005, when he took over the Statue of 776,012 in Florida, Florida & # 39; s «Stand Your Ground» status. That sounded the death knell for the complete elimination of the remaining visibility duty to retreat in the face of danger, and provided that it is justified for a person to use lethal force if:

(1) He or she reasonably believes that such force is necessary to prevent imminent death or great bodily harm himself or another or to prevent the imminent commission of a violent criminal offense.

I have not defiled the proper use of the death force, to protect themselves against death or great bodily harm to one and # 39; s house, a house or a used vehicle, as provided in the next section of the statute, FS 775,013, or what is commonly referred to in the law as the "Castle Doctrine". Man & # 39; s house his "castle." But I strenuously objecting legally permitted use of such forces in situations on public streets and other public places open to the public. Innocent people are dead as a result.

If it & # 39; th is not broken do not fix

By the passage of «Stand Your Ground» status in Florida Criminal Defense would be well advised to "retreat" as much as possible before resorting to the use of lethal force. Despite the fact that this is pure speculation, and it is impossible to predict with certainty what would have happened if the «Stand Your Ground» proposal was not in place, while some of Florida & # 39; S recent cases arose I'm pretty sure of one thing. These defenders is likely, it would be much more desirable to remove anyone without first trying to retreat. Retreating in the face of danger, and not to stand his ground and increasing it is not the act of a coward. It's just good old common sense. Cowards are those who are afraid to leave the house without a weapon, tied to their body, looking for a reason to use it.

We have a police department, to protect us. If you want to increase the budget of the department, to put more officers on the streets, to equip them with better focus on high crime areas, more focused and better train our employees to make them more effective, on our behalf, and let # 39; s do it. I am absolutely convinced that the homeless and the crime rate would go down in the United States, if there were not so many unregistered guns in circulation among criminal elements. The same considerations apply to those with all easy to obtain legally issued permit for the gun.

Let & # 39; s let members of Florida's legislative body does not know that the citizens of Florida will no longer want to use for the guns of those with and without the permission of the legal weapons, eager to the good old days back in 1881, when there was a gun battle on the «OK Corral."

© 2013 Douglas M Midgley, JD All rights reserved worldwide

Have a Hollywood Romance With These Romantic Comedy Getaways Near Kenosha, Wisconsin

Let Hollywood screenwriters be the guide to a romantic getaway destination with the leading lady or man in your life. Star in your own local romance with any one of these five locations with ties to popular movies. All are within a two-hour drive of Kenosha, Wisconsin.

In Wisconsin

"Love Actually," Cedarburg, Wisconsin

This quaint historic city is mentioned in the film when one character travels from England to Wisconsin to meet American women. Located 20 minutes north of Milwaukee, it offers seasonal festivals, outdoor activities, an array of interesting shops & restaurants and cultural events. Consider a stay at the Washington House Inn.

"The Prince & Me," Madison, Wisconsin

Although not filmed in Wisconsin, the University of Wisconsin-Madison is the main locale where the leads meet and fall in love. Visit this beautiful college city and see what the cast & crew missed, including the Olbrich Botanical Gardens, a free tour of the state capital building, then spice things up with a visit to the suburban National Mustard Museum. http://mustardmuseum.com/

Actor Mark Ruffalo's hometown, Kenosha, Wisconsin

Star of such romantic comedies as "Just Like Heaven," Mark Ruffalo was born in Kenosha, Wisconsin. Ride the downtown 1950's restored electric trolleys. Get an all-day pass for $ 3.00 to hop off and on to enjoy restaurants and museums then stay overlooking Lake Michigan at the Best Western Harborside Inn & Conference Center.

In Illinois

"Groundhog Day," Woodstock, Illinois

Every year Woodstock, Illinois celebrates its star turn in this classic comedy. Visit the Woodstock Opera House that hosts year-round musical events and theatrical productions and have a bite to eat at the adjacent Stage Left Café. Book a room at the Royal Victorian Manor Bed & Breakfast, better known in the film as the Cherry Street Inn, where Bill Murray's character stayed night after night after night …

"Sixteen Candles" in Evanston, Illinois

Evanston was one film location for this John Hughes directed movie. It's home to the 240 acre Northwestern University campus, a place perfect for long hand-in-hand walks among a mix of Gothic and modern buildings. For a romantic souvenir enter Dave's Down to Earth Rock Shop for gemstones, jewelry, minerals and fossils. The Bahai Temple of North America (currently one of seven worldwide) is worth stepping over the Evanston border into neighboring Wilmette to view the temple's architecture and in-season gardens and fountains. http://www.bahai.us/bahai-temple/

Filmmakers know the formula for romance and a visit to any of these local cities can be the basis for a blockbuster romantic getaway.

Vacation in Florida – for the American holiday

This is an American state with & # 39 is the main holiday destination in the United States and should be visited for its theme parks, resorts and entertainment centers. This place is known for its diversity, beaches, cuisine and sunny weather & # 39; e.

Below are some of the things to see if, during a trip to Florida:

theme parks; Florida & # 39

Florida with & # 39 is the perfect vacation spot for seven & # 39; ads with children, since the place has a lot of fun theme parks. An amazing collection of theme parks including Walt Disney World, Universal Studios, Kennedy Space Center, Busch Gardens and Sea World. Each theme park has its own characteristics, in order to attract tourists and visitors during their vacation in Florida.

universal studios

This mega-theme park and film studio are widely popular along those planning a vacation in Florida. This tourist attraction is not only attractive to children, but also carries tourists and visitors of all age groups. Some of the main attractions offered by Universal Studios include a 3-D show, strange attractions, shows, as well as huge and popular movie sets.

Edison winter home

When on vacation in Florida, you should visit the estate of the world and # 39; s greatest inventor and America & # 39; s honor Thomas Edison. The site offers a tour of his laboratory, rooms and Botanical Garden. House of the American inventor has been fascinating tourists and visitors from around the world, while a vacation in Florida.

Florida beaches

This American land offers entertaining beaches with sun and sand in all for a good rest. When on vacation in Florida, many simply refer to relax and enjoy on the magnificent sandy beaches. Some of the beaches can be nurtured if a vacation in Florida MacArthur Beach State Park., Daytona Beach and Bahia Honda.

St. Augustine Alligator Farm

This tourist attraction offers all the 22 crocodile species from around the world, as well as wired birds. Waterfront tour and alligator shows can be worth a look for the rest of adventures.


Another major attraction of the Florida Museum. For history lovers vacation in Florida, the place has two very prominent museum for a great holiday. Potter & # 39; s Wax Museum has more than 170 pieces of historical value, the wax works and theater. On the other hand, Lightner Museum presents art and & # 39; objects from the 19th century including Victorian collecting, porcelain items, cut glass and musical demonstrations. The museum is built in an old building dating back to 1888 and has always been surrounded with tourist and visitors.

The best time to holiday in Florida

The ideal time for a great holiday in Florida depends upon how you want to enjoy a place. If you want to venture through various tourist attraction, not to rush, then the off-season months like January and February may be the right time, but also for those who want to spend a vacation in Florida in peak tourist season the best months of July and August.

Workers Compensation Lawyers

Workers compensation laws are designed to protect the injured worker. As described by the Illinois Supreme Court, the purpose of the Workers’ Compensation Act “… is to provide employees a prompt, sure, and definite compensation, together with a quick and efficient remedy, for injuries or death suffered by such employees in the course of their employment… and to require the cost of such injuries to be borne by the industry itself and not by its individual members.” In other words, when an accident occurs that arises out of, and in the course of an employee’s employment, it is the responsibility of the employer to make sure that the employee is properly taken care of and compensated for that injury or death.

There are a wide range of injuries that may give rise to a proper workers compensation claim. The work accident may involve a traumatic event like a back injury caused by lifting an object, a crush injury, a broken bone, traumatic brain damage, or even death. Other types of compensable workers compensation claims involve repetitive stress injuries that may build over time from repeated movements, such as Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

There are particular requirements that must be met to properly file a workers compensation case. An injured worker must inform the employer within a certain time period. Then a specific form called an “Application for Adjustment of Claim” must be filed with the Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission (previously known as the Illinois Industrial Commission). Other specific requirements apply as well.

When you choose to allow experienced Illinois Workers Compensation Lawyers to discuss your case, most reputable lawyers will not charge any upfront fee, but will instead investigate the circumstances of your injury to determine whether a proper workers compensation claim can be filed with the Illinois Workers Compensation Commission. A good lawyer will assist you in any possible way, and offer to file a claim on your behalf, with no attorney fees charged unless a successful settlement or award can be reached. Even if you are already being paid for your lost time or being compensated for the medical bills from your injury, attorneys can confirm free of charge whether you are receiving the proper rate. As part of this legal representation, an experienced attorney will focus on the following:

Medical Benefits – Will make sure that you are receiving all of the medical assistance you are entitled to, including treatment, therapy and if necessary, surgery. Of course, they will help guide you through this process to help ensure that your medical bills are paid for through the employer, and that you are not left holding the bag.

Future Employment – Depending on your injury, the level of severity, and the type of work you do, some employees are unable to return to work at the same job position. In those circumstances, attorneys will also help arrange appropriate job training, so that the worker can later obtain a good job that won’t aggravate these injuries.

Monetary Compensation – Once experienced Illinois workers compensation attorneys have helped you address your medical issues, get the appropriate medical treatment, and provide for your future employment, then they will aggressively pursue a maximum settlement or award on your behalf.