A large amount of precipitation falls in the territory of the state of Florida from north to south, year after year. The average annual rainy for the entire state is about 51 inches, with a large number of averages in northern Florida and South Florida. Central Florida receives state average annual rainfall of about 51 inches. However, in Florida & # 39; landscape can absorb far more during tropical storms and hurricanes.
The amount of water absorption Florida & # 39, S ranges from landscape calculated absorption rate, which shows more than 20 inches on average per year (4). In Florida, the land limits the water is then held in its natural hydro-structured with a & # 39; Java, called "aquifer system". Aquifers are critical to Florida & # 39; s fresh water resources, because they contain, or hold fresh water for drinking, agriculture and industry for use as needed.
Gravity causes the hydrogeological groundwater movement in the aquifer system.
In vivo aquifer "downhill" of moving water, and sometimes reaches the earth's surface, creating a spring or bubbling through the sand in the river bed, lake or other wetlands O & # 39;. The volume of water flowing through an aquifer also depends the porosity and permeability of the earth material at its boundary. in other words, the water flows faster (2) when the voids or openings within the aquifer large compared with when the space is small.
Florida also has a temperature of almost 8000 and subtropical waters. This is the most in the United States, the south-east. (1) The State holds thousands of ponds, lakes, rivers, springs and "ephemeral" or the sinking of water, the Everglades, and many a swimmer as well. In fact, Florida Lake Okeechobee & # 39; s largest lake about 683 square miles. This is more than in many districts of the state.
Florida Spring Values
The surface of the land of Florida makes an incredible balancing act. Florida & # 39; s land mass with a & # 39 is "floating" on a huge aquifer system (underground sea) of fresh water, which is held in (3), sub-surface to the panhandle of Florida south of Miami. Aquifer water flows with the tide and the cycle of the tides in the aquifers below rainy models for aquifers.
aquifer systems can be thousands of feet in thickness, and may be only a few feet in diameter when running horizontally for several miles. The largest aquifers produce most "artesian" spring and the way one measures the spring in its on & # 39; volumetric flow rate.
Springs are measured in the "size", where "first" magnitude with spring & # 39 is the largest, "second" value of the second largest and so on. It refers to the size of the spring on the & # 39; the amount of water coming out of the holes of each second spring. The first spring has a magnitude of flow rate greater than 100 cubic feet per second. officials FL 300 registered "artesian" spring 27 and the magnitude of the first spring (2).
These are two of the & # 39; waking nature can not be matched anywhere else in the United States. Researchers believe that a "first value" and the spring there still be recognized in connection with the Florida character & # 39; s karst landscape. Examples Florida & # 39; S first magnitude spring Silver Springs, Weeki Wachee Springs and Kings Bay, origins Crystal River.
The upper reaches of s; Crystal River & # 39 formed from a first magnitude springs, where I learned how to scuba dive as a youth.
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The hole formation of the primary spring Kings Bay with crystal clear water aquifer to a depth of about fifty feet. The bay itself is teeming with life, including great on & # 39; the volume of flora and fauna. Crystal River is also a haven for manatees flock there to enjoy the warmth, the proposed spring in the winter months. The average temperature of the water coming from the holes of the spring is about 72 degrees Fahrenheit every day in winter or not.
Another interesting statistic that spring and # 39; s flow rate is directly related to the rate of charge exchange Florida & # 39; s aquifer systems, which are based on the average annual rainy amount of "spring sheds," or watersheds local to the spring in question. When all samples total, Florida spring produces a great & # 39; volumes of water than anywhere else on Earth. The deepest and most of the spring and catchment systems discovered so far are in northern Florida, near Tallahassee.
Florida & # 39; s sources and associated ecosystem & # 39 are unique and can not be restored to the person that gives them enormous ecological importance. Many of Florida & # 39; s spring and create a coastal streams and rivers in the Gulf of Mexico or the Atlantic Ocean. These ecosystem & # 39 are unique to the world and contain a diverse population of aquatic life and life depending on marine life. (4) This includes marine species living in fresh, brackish and seawater.
Interestingly, the sources can not be owned by individuals or industry, when spring is available from the & # 39; yunkt public waterways (4). However, Florida & # 39; s phosphate mines strip industry, many of these eco-sensitive areas every day. Florida law, in this case, blurred, at best, because the state of Florida allows problems in the phosphate industry incision landscape in these unique ecosystems. Where is the balance between the use of public and industrial water supply?
1. DEP (Florida Department of Environmental Protection)
2. Learn about the Springs in West and Central Florida. (Swfwmd.state.fl.us)
3. Sinkhole information. (Lakecountyfl.gov)
4. The amount of water and politics in Florida. (Srwqis.tamu.edu)