Florida aquifer size and magnitude

A large amount of precipitation falls in the territory of the state of Florida from north to south, year after year. The average annual rainy for the entire state is about 51 inches, with a large number of averages in northern Florida and South Florida. Central Florida receives state average annual rainfall of about 51 inches. However, in Florida & # 39; landscape can absorb far more during tropical storms and hurricanes.
The amount of water absorption Florida & # 39, S ranges from landscape calculated absorption rate, which shows more than 20 inches on average per year (4). In Florida, the land limits the water is then held in its natural hydro-structured with a & # 39; Java, called "aquifer system". Aquifers are critical to Florida & # 39; s fresh water resources, because they contain, or hold fresh water for drinking, agriculture and industry for use as needed.

Gravity causes the hydrogeological groundwater movement in the aquifer system.
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In vivo aquifer "downhill" of moving water, and sometimes reaches the earth's surface, creating a spring or bubbling through the sand in the river bed, lake or other wetlands O & # 39;. The volume of water flowing through an aquifer also depends the porosity and permeability of the earth material at its boundary. in other words, the water flows faster (2) when the voids or openings within the aquifer large compared with when the space is small.

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Florida also has a temperature of almost 8000 and subtropical waters. This is the most in the United States, the south-east. (1) The State holds thousands of ponds, lakes, rivers, springs and "ephemeral" or the sinking of water, the Everglades, and many a swimmer as well. In fact, Florida Lake Okeechobee & # 39; s largest lake about 683 square miles. This is more than in many districts of the state.

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Florida Spring Values

The surface of the land of Florida makes an incredible balancing act. Florida & # 39; s land mass with a & # 39 is "floating" on a huge aquifer system (underground sea) of fresh water, which is held in (3), sub-surface to the panhandle of Florida south of Miami. Aquifer water flows with the tide and the cycle of the tides in the aquifers below rainy models for aquifers.
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aquifer systems can be thousands of feet in thickness, and may be only a few feet in diameter when running horizontally for several miles. The largest aquifers produce most "artesian" spring and the way one measures the spring in its on & # 39; volumetric flow rate.

Springs are measured in the "size", where "first" magnitude with spring & # 39 is the largest, "second" value of the second largest and so on. It refers to the size of the spring on the & # 39; the amount of water coming out of the holes of each second spring. The first spring has a magnitude of flow rate greater than 100 cubic feet per second. officials FL 300 registered "artesian" spring 27 and the magnitude of the first spring (2).
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These are two of the & # 39; waking nature can not be matched anywhere else in the United States. Researchers believe that a "first value" and the spring there still be recognized in connection with the Florida character & # 39; s karst landscape. Examples Florida & # 39; S first magnitude spring Silver Springs, Weeki Wachee Springs and Kings Bay, origins Crystal River.

The upper reaches of s; Crystal River & # 39 formed from a first magnitude springs, where I learned how to scuba dive as a youth.
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The hole formation of the primary spring Kings Bay with crystal clear water aquifer to a depth of about fifty feet. The bay itself is teeming with life, including great on & # 39; the volume of flora and fauna. Crystal River is also a haven for manatees flock there to enjoy the warmth, the proposed spring in the winter months. The average temperature of the water coming from the holes of the spring is about 72 degrees Fahrenheit every day in winter or not.

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Another interesting statistic that spring and # 39; s flow rate is directly related to the rate of charge exchange Florida & # 39; s aquifer systems, which are based on the average annual rainy amount of "spring sheds," or watersheds local to the spring in question. When all samples total, Florida spring produces a great & # 39; volumes of water than anywhere else on Earth. The deepest and most of the spring and catchment systems discovered so far are in northern Florida, near Tallahassee.

Florida & # 39; s sources and associated ecosystem & # 39 are unique and can not be restored to the person that gives them enormous ecological importance. Many of Florida & # 39; s spring and create a coastal streams and rivers in the Gulf of Mexico or the Atlantic Ocean. These ecosystem & # 39 are unique to the world and contain a diverse population of aquatic life and life depending on marine life. (4) This includes marine species living in fresh, brackish and seawater.

Interestingly, the sources can not be owned by individuals or industry, when spring is available from the & # 39; yunkt public waterways (4). However, Florida & # 39; s phosphate mines strip industry, many of these eco-sensitive areas every day. Florida law, in this case, blurred, at best, because the state of Florida allows problems in the phosphate industry incision landscape in these unique ecosystems. Where is the balance between the use of public and industrial water supply?


1. DEP (Florida Department of Environmental Protection)

2. Learn about the Springs in West and Central Florida. (Swfwmd.state.fl.us)

3. Sinkhole information. (Lakecountyfl.gov)

4. The amount of water and politics in Florida. (Srwqis.tamu.edu)

How to Choose a Conceived Carry Holster for Illinois Signed Carry Licensees

Choosing the right holster for concealed carry is important for people in any state, but what about the laws in Illinois? Are there specifics that you need to be aware of when you carry understood, whether as a resident or non-resident, in Illinois?
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First and foremost, it is necessary to understand the Illinois law that pertains to both residents and non-residents carrying concealed. Non-residents may not carry a concealed gun on their person without an Illinois License to Carry. There is an allowance for non-residents who are licensed to carry in their home state, but that allowance only gives them permission to keep a loaded gun in their car. Therefore, non-residents without an Illinois License to Carry have no reason for a holster while in the Land of Lincoln.
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Second is the issue of “printing” and what “understood” means. In some states, if the gun is detectable under your clothing due to the “imprint” it makes through your clothing, you have committed a crime. However, in Illinois it is less clear. Since the law has passed in July, 2013, not a single permit has been issued, nor has the law been able to be tested in court. However, it does specify that your firearm must be “completely or mostly” understood.
The meaning of “mostly” understood is obviously open to interpretation. However, the legislative intention (made clear during the House and Senate debate of this bill in Springfield) is that momentary or incidental exposure of the gun is NOT to be considered illegal. In other words, if your jacket rides up or the wind blows your shirt open and someone catches a glimpse of your gun, you are protected by the law.
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Whether printing is also protected will no doubt need to be interpreted by the courts. The long and short of it is that you should choose a holster, and a place on your body to wear the holster, that eliminates printing or incidental exposure.
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So the, what is the best holster / position for concealed carry in Illinois? Unless you are wearing a jacket, the most difficult way to carry understood will be with a hip holster. While that is tactically among the best locations to carry, it is also the most difficult to conceal totally.
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A small gun, like a.380 or other “pocket pistol,” is easily understood with a pocket holster. The holster should be selected to ensure that it covers the trigger for safety, keeps the gun directed properly for quick deployment, and provides a “blocking” imprint that is not distinguishable as a gun when the clothing is tight.
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The other really effective holsters for those who would carry concealed in Illinois are shoulder holsters and ankle holsters. However, ensure that you train in drawing from these holsters as they present very real challenges in quickness (ankle holster) and safety (shoulder holsters – think about sweeping unintended targets with the muzzle when drawing).

Prairie Style Architecture – DeKalb, Illinois

I have already discussed DeKalb, Illinois' most obvious example of Prairie style architecture, the oft-mistaken for a Frank Lloyd Wright work AO Anderson House. While prominent it is not the only example of the style in the city. In fact, there are other examples of the style by architects much more well-known than John S. Van Bergen. Augusta Avenue is a good place to start, within a block of the Anderson House are two examples of architecture by a key Prairie architect.

1908 – Dr. FN Rowan House

At 250 Augusta Avenue is the Dr. FN Rowan House, a Tudor Revival influenced structure designed by Oak Park, Illinois architect EE Roberts, though it is clearly not full-blown Tudor Revival. The curvilinear dormer seen here was a trademark of his Prairie style work. In fact, if you look, you can see other Prairie influences on the house, the broad, flat roof of the large porch, the porch itself, the overhanging eaves, all elements of Prairie style. Hipped roof are not a requirement. The half timbering, though, screams Tudor Revival. Roberts was an important architect who designed hundreds of homes in Oak Park alone. While Roberts is considered a Prairie architect, he never had any working association with his near rival Frank Lloyd Wright and always kept to his own vision of Prairie style architecture. The Rowan House was built in 1908.

1904 – Etna J. Wiswall House

Across the street from the Rowan House, but still facing Augusta, is the EJ Wiswall House. The Wiswall House is another example of Roberts' work in DeKalb, this one showing more of a Prairie tilt. While Roberts' credit for the home is not a 100 percent certainty it very closely resembles a Roberts designed home in Oak Park and he is generally credited with having won the Wiswall commission. The house is clad entirely in stucco, features a large, pillar-supported porch, and hipped roofs with broad overhanging eaves; all hallmarks of Prairie style architecture. The house is believed to have been constructed in 1904.

Seemelessly blended with nature, the front door just is not where you'd think it should be. C. 1895 Rankin House.

Of the early Prairie style works in DeKalb the Rankin House at 200 W. Locust Street was, sometimes, done by the most pre-eminent architect of the group. The stucco clad, two-story Rankin House may well indeed be the work of architect George W. Maher. Maher was a noted Chicago Prairie style architect whose John C. Farson House (better known as Pleasant Home) in Oak Park has been declared a National Historic Landmark. The Rankin House has a front door that just is not where you would expect it. The home was built c. 1895.

The door is along the east side, along with a large chimney.

It's unknown when the house was designed by Maher for sure, there are other candidates for its design, it is very similar, along with another DeKalb house at 594 W. Lincoln Hwy, to other Maher missions.

The layout of the chimney and portico is reminiscent of John S. Van Bergen's work. 1924 – 115 N. First St ..

Another DeKalb Prairie style house is located at 115 N. First Street. This is another example of a home without a known architect, more research is needed. The tall rectangular chimney located on the front of the north facade, near the portico (wiki), is found in the same layout in a 1910 John S. Van Bergen designed apartment complex in Oak Park. Possible evidence of his hand? Hard to say.

The main entrance is located along the north facade, not the front (east facade).

The house is a nice Prairie example, broad, overhanging hip roofs, a large, pillar supported front porch, and a main entrance moved to side in lieu of a lot of glass, allowing the natural light to pour into the structure. The building also appears to hug the ground, an appearance that is enhanced by the building being set into a hillside.

Both sides feature porticos and the home has a Prairie-style horizontal emphasis.

Both the north and south facades feature porticos, and the north facade's (seen two images above) layout reinforces the horizontal emphasis of the home. The Prairie style house on First Street, with the green tile roof, dates from about 1924.

You can get more detail about all of these houses in the articles linked below. The Wikipedia entries that are linked (mostly by me, for you) will give you information about the architects and other information mentioned in this post. Enjoy.

Online Resources

* FN Rowan House: 2004 Daily Chronicle article

* FN Rowan House: Old Photo – 1970s photograph

* EJ Wiswall House: 2005 Daily Chronicle article

* EJ Wiswall House: Old Photo – 1970s photo

* Rankin House: 2005 Daily Chronicle article, another 2005 article

* Rankin House: Old Photos – Oldest known photo; 1970s – 1, 2

* 115 N. First Street: 2005 Daily Chronicle article

* Wikipedia: John S. Van Bergen, EE Roberts, John C. Farson House (all by me), George W. Maher (not by me)

A keen eye will spot other examples of Prairie architecture in DeKalb, something we will explore at a later date. Tomorrow, follow me to the tiny village of Esmond, Illinois.

Building a new home – the first steps in the development of plans in Florida, and in other areas

Building in Miami or any part of South Florida's completely different from any other building in the area of ​​the country. While most of the east coast of the United States and much of the rest of the country, the building of houses with wooden frame and finished with brick or wood siding, South Florida building of concrete blocks and concrete.

Quality vs. price

Due to the structure of the wind storm in this area should be very strong. Where the rest of the country looks at us, because they are used only in a concrete block foundations, for my money, I really like concrete and block construction. Concrete blocks are not getting termites and rot. Thus, a particular block structure during the last 100 years or more with little or no maintenance. Unfortunately, the vast majority of homes in Miami have wooden rafters with plywood sheathing roofing, roofing material and then either gravel or concrete tiles on top. This type of design is not particularly good to resist hurricane conditions. Although the Florida Building Code protested his best to increase the requirements for the installation of the roof sheathing and finishing the roof, it can not begin to compare with the strength of the roof would have if the concrete slab was used for the roof structure.

So why, when we know that it is not we build a concrete slab roof? Cost – the only reason worth. It is much more expensive, how to design and install a concrete roof panels, especially on the side to take concrete tile covering.

Therefore, one of the first things a homeowner should be set at the beginning of the design process for a new home as the owner wants to spend on the construction. There is a cheap way to build a house and expensive way. This is an issue that will come many times in the process of design and construction.


But in order to determine the budget, the landlord must first install the new square foot home. Establish the total area in square feet, it will have to create a program for the home. A program is a list of numbers with their respective dimensions.

See an example of the list is as follows:

Living room of 240 square feet
Dining room of 120 square feet
Kitchen 170 square feet
Family Room 240 sq ft
The master bedroom is 240 square feet
Master bathroom 64 square feet
Bedroom number 2 216 square feet
Bedroom number 3192-square-foot
Bath № 2 36 square feet
Laundry 100 square feet
Linen closet 9 square feet
A / C Case 9 square feet

Total square feet = 1636

Circulation and walls is 20% = 1634 square feet = 327 square feet

Total = 1634 + 327 = 1,961 square feet

So now we have a general idea of ​​the main spaces of the house, and about how many square feet of total homeowner need for the house.

In addition, it is a good time to decide whether any open space, such as a covered terrace or gazebo. In Florida, they are particularly well added to interior spaces. With excellent temperatures in winter there is no reason to spend all the time in the air-conditioned interior spaces.


So there will be a house that just under 2,000 square feet worth in South Florida? There's no magic formula to determine this. Value of the home depends on many things related to the design, such as the type of roof, ceiling height (s), design complexity, finishing, whether it's going to be a septic tank or sewage system, as well as the type of foundation. Then there are those costs that have nothing to do with the design, as the location of the house is occupied, with the & # 39 are contractors in the area, as a well-known and reliable contractor, etc. Despite the fact that the price of the house may be different from each other because of all the elements described above, at this time the range of $ 150 to $ 250 per square foot can be used for a house that is not too much detail with the standard design. So that when we return to the example. 2,000-square-foot building will cost between $ 300,000 and $ 500,000 excluding land.

project team

The building department of Miami-Dade County does not require plans for a family & # 39; and residence must be signed and sealed by the architect or engineer. This is not true for all the municipalities of the region. For example, Coral Gables requires all plans must be signed and sealed by an architect. But for all practical purposes about & # 39; the amount of information that must be included in a set of plans in any jurisdiction in Miami-Dade County, most of the time, there is a need to hire more specialists: architect, engineer, MEP software, and engineering. LEAP stands for mechanical, electrical and plumbing. Mechanical engineer develops air conditioning, electrical engineer develops electric, including lighting and plumbing engineer designs the plumbing. structural engineer designs the structure and provides the necessary structural calculations for the building shell. The architect designs the house and coordinates of all & # 39; s work. Coordination of all the students, probably, the architect and # 39; s most important role, as without the consent can not be real conflicts during the construction phase. Despite the fact that it is legal to make plans for yourself in some parts of the country, it would be an impossible task to produce construction drawings for the permit (if the homeowner does not have experience in the construction of the actual experience and knowledge of the Florida building codes and local codes zoning).

These design services are a homeowner? In addition, they are very different, but there are also a number of good among established professionals. This range will be between 6% and 10% of construction costs for the plans for the resolution of all disciplines. Services during the construction phase, usually paid for separately on an hourly basis, or in a separate package.

house style

Another important decision to be made at an early stage with the & # 39 is the style of the house. There are three basic styles are popular for home design in South Florida – Modern, Mediterranean and Key West.

Once a homeowner decides which style he wants, it is very important to convey the style and detail to the architect. The best way to explain the architect that he wants to or through the images from magazines or actual photos of other homes.

architect's choice

Now that you have the basic elements together, the next step is to select your architect. This is very important as it is the person with whom you will be working very closely over the next year.

Take a survey of the existing land of the time you are closed on the mortgage. If you lose it, or & # 39; too old or inaccurate, the architect arranges for you to get it done to upgrade or have a new one.

Ask to see pictures of his / her work. Ask for references. Asking questions. Ask him / her how he would approach the project. It begins to make sense if it was someone you could work. as the preferred style of the architect & # 39 You work? Have his / her work appeal to you? Ask about this process. Ask what you should expect in the way of his / her services. Ask him to show you the plans for a similar project.

People with & # 39 are the face, and each is unique. I remember how many people have hired me because I liked my "Mediterranean" or "Spanish" style or my modern or post-modern style. One person told me that she hired me because I returned her phone calls quickly. Chemistry between people it makes sense. Nha devalue first impressions.

construction documents

As a rule, construction documents entail several parts: the drawings, specifications, instructions to bidders, and its addendum. Usually, when the architect handles the construction phase rate for the owner, he selects the type of contract owner will have with the contractor. This document is also a & # 39 is part of the construction documents.

Drawings & # 39 are a major part of the work that the specifications serve as a guide step by step to the contractor for use during construction. Sometimes in large workplaces, specifications are contained in a separate book and the guidelines of the project. In most residential projects, the specification is usually covered in the form of notes right in the drawings. For complex inter & # 39; erav separate package is an architect and paid for separately.

Construction documents are generated in phases from the general to the detailed. I would like to divide their projects into 4 stages: pre-design, design development, construction documents 50% and 100% of the construction documents. Each phase is based on the preliminary phase, until the architect Sun feels that all drawings are coordinated between the different disciplines and is ready to provide for the resolution.

With careful planning and communication with your architect, his drawings, and good coordination and careful selection of a reputable contractor, your new home project should proceed without any problems. Although frequently change orders due to unforeseen changes in conditions or the owner wants to carry out, most of the issues to be resolved before the start of construction.

For more information about the role of the architect in the construction process, see my article on the role of the architect in the construction process, is published here.

Ashelford Hall – Esmond, Illinois

There are more than 90,000 listings on the National Register of Historic Places. Not all of them are well-kept, I have come across a fair share of dilapidated properties, one of them here in DeKalb County. While far from falling down, Ashelford Hall in the small village of Esmond, Illinois is, to put it lightly, in a state of disrepair.

1925 – Ashelford Hall

Ashelford Hall was built in 1925 by William Henry Ashelford and it immediately became the social center of the tiny village near the DeKalb-Ogle County line. Medicine shows, vaudeville shows and entertainment of all types appeared at the venue. In 1928, a local men's club began meeting in the hall, this on the heels of the South Grove Grange meeting at the location from its 1925 opening.

Ashelford Hall has a unique wedge shape

The building is constructed from concrete block, popular from about 1905-1930, and has a unique wedge shape. This was probably to accommodate the lot it stands on. A train depot was once located to its south as were diagonally-laid railroad tracks. The depot and tracks are now gone, as are the buildings that once surrounded the area, but the wedge shaped Ashelford Hall remains.

The wedge shape is the result of angled railroad tracks that once faced this side of the building.

The 1995 National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form states that Ashelford Hall's current function is a "work in progress". When I visited last year it appeared that not much progress had been made. The interior seemed to be serving as a storage area, and there was debris about the grounds as well as broken windows. Alas, historic preservation is an expensive endeavor, at least it's still standing. If you look at the photos linked at the end of the page, you will see there is not much difference between the building's 1995 and 2007 appearance. A good thing, depending on how you look at it I suppose.

The interior was serving as a garage as of early 2007.

As a credit, the nomination form, which is linked below, is nearly encyclopedic in its coverage of the building and the history of Esmond. Hope to see this building put to some good use and receive the restoration it describes. It would be nice to see music or theater once again echo through Ashelford Hall.

Online Resources

* Wikipedia: Ashelford Hall, Esmond, Illinois (both by me, for you)

* Ashelford Hall: National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form

* Ashelford Hall: Old Photos (NRHP archives) – 1995: 1, 2, 3; Detail 1, Detail 2

Tomorrow we begin a journey into architectural history with the first of an eight part series looking at some of the important sites in the Chicago suburb of Oak Park, Illinois.

Florida phosphorus Mines Show adverse effects on the environment

Florida phosphate industry practice of mining show and how "they" have a negative impact on the environmental aspects of the citizens of Florida and # 39; environment for more than two generations and working for three. Currently, the phosphate industry practice of the mining industry "surveys" today & # 39; s proven environmentally safe methods, which causes danger dangerous without security costs for the landscape of Florida as if it is "their" right to do so.

In the past two decades, the Department of & # 39; Merged States Environmental Protection (DEP) studied the effects of radioactive elements found in nature in the landscape of Florida as compared to the highly calculated toxic waste by-product phosphogypsum stacks in west central FL. DEP allows small level of radiation up to 0.7 picocuries.

Toxic elements, mentioned here in the decay chain of Uranium called "Radius" as a solid and the "Radon" as air born toxin. These elements usually associated deep beneath the surface, but a strong phosphate dragline strip them out of the ground fabric, until he removes the phosphate matrix he seeks. Thus radioactive elements are brought to the surface, greatly compressed and stored in giant called highly mounds of phosphogypsum stacks.

Radioactive material in combination with other toxic waste by-products, and piled in stacks of phosphogypsum, some more than two hundred feet in height and can cover more than four acres. This is equivalent to twenty-storey building spanning four hundred acres of radioactive materials. Florida with & # 39 is home to at least twenty-seven radioactive phosphogypsum stacks and each stack toxic continues to grow. The "stack" so toxic, the DEP will not allow the phosphate industry to move phosphogypsum leave the site or sell it.

Florida offices in Lakeland, Florida was built on "recycled" means phosphate reportedly show a higher than normal "radium" presence in groundwater samples taken by DEP. "Radon" gas was also higher than usual in the door, as reported by DEP. The DEP state on their website that any contact with the radium from the soil ingestion or inhalation of radon gas in the air around the phosphate on the & # 39 objects & # 39 is "too" much. You can see that live near or work in the phosphate plant can be harmful to one and # 39; s health.

Areas around the phosphate on the & # 39 facilities in central Florida, as a rule, consist of the cattle ranch and agriculture, with some residential areas as well. Surrounding flora absorbs (absorption) toxic elements caused by phosphate mining, through the root system into sheets with recycled extracted soils. Plants store the cumulative amount of toxins, however toxic substance to pass from the soil into the food chain through cattle breeding and farming to Examples. The amount of toxins stored in flua soon found in the fauna as well. Domested and wild animals are the same tainted food sources, the introduction of toxins into the whole of the local food chain.

In one decade, at least six of phosphogypsum stacks failed in the central part of West Florida. Stack of phosphogypsum sinkhole caused to form at the bottom of the stacks and drained billions of gallons of toxic waste in two million cubic feet of holes caused by the collapse of the surface. The amount of damage to the environment was so intense that DEP could not determine the total loss associated with spills.

In another failure stack 150 feet hole opens under "stack" and 80 million tons of radioactive toxic waste disappeared Floridan aquifer layer comprising (1) about 90 percent of central Florida & # 39;. With drinking water Number of toxic waste overloaded so officials much that the amount of damage to the environment was uncertain. It cost nearly $ 7 million, to fill with concrete karst.

In another phosphate industry induced accident, phosphogypsum stack fails, and about 2 million gallons of radioactive toxic waste flowed over the landscape, and the two cars driving at the plant has been imposed with the flow of toxic waste.

In another stack break worth about 30 million dollars in repair costs for phosphate plant. This mountain of phosphogypsum stack in Riverview, Florida. Florida & # 39; Taxpayers s are responsible for covering the costs of recovery after heavy local impacts on the environment from the Every time the phosphate industry is "accident", "stack" is derived;. water quality, quantity, (2) and air degrade, causing health problems for many Floridians, as well.

Unfortunately, the central Florida & # 39; phosphate industry to find its on the & # 39; sites in the catchment areas where fertilizer manufacturing is the greatest ecological damage the landscape, drinking water, wildlife, and human environment. Phosphate facilities heavily pollute and destroy the terrain on the ground and miles from the mining of phosphate at the expense of the & # 39 facilities built in central Florida and # 39; s watershed. This is because the rivers and lowland pools & # 39 is the nature of & # 39; s method for purifying toxic materials from drinking water resources because water "observed" by the karst rocks Florida & # 39; th aquifer below.

Florida & # 39; s phosphate resources are considered DEP, to be the greatest threat to Florida & # 39; s environment, including land and aquatic life. The examples above include a small amount of phosphate on the & # 39 objects suras & # 39; oznyh environmental impacts. Each case display poor environmental medium described above from the environment blind industry.


1. Phosphate Company and EPA & # 39; S toxic emissions. – fipr.state.fl.us/about-us/phosphate-primer/phosphate-companies-and-epas-toxic-release-inventory/.
2. NCSU group of water quality. Human impact: Wetland loss and degradation. – water.ncsu.edu/watershedss/info/wetlands/wetloss.HTML.

Personal Injury Lawsuit Timeline in Chicago, Illinois' First Municipal Division

As a practicing personal injury and insurance claim attorney in Chicago, Illinois, I am often asked by clients and potential clients alike: "What is the exact timeline for recovery?" or more commonly, "When will I get my money after suit is filed?"

If you have recently recently filed a lawsuit in the First Municipal Division in Cook County Illinois or plan to file suit, you may wonder how long it will take before there is a resolution of your case. On February 1, 2011 I attended a roundtable for judges and the presiding judge for the division provided the attorneys with a fairly precise timeline from the moment of service of the defender with the suit papers!

The upshot is, it takes approximately 1 year from the date the defendant is served for your case to get arbitration, a mini trial where your case is evaluated by arbitrators. Let's take a sample case filed on January 1.

1. January 1 suit filed.

After the suit is filed, the defensive must be served with the papers so that s / he has notice that s / he is a party to a lawsuit. It may take a few tries to serve the defender 30, 60, 90 or more than 120 days. For purposes of this timeline, let's assume he is served within 30 days.

2. Defendant served February 1.

When suit is filed it automatically set on a progress call by the court approximately 90 days out to allow for service of the defender.

3. Progress Call April 1.

The first court date is the progress call. At the first progress call, if the defender is serving the court sets an All Discovery Closure or "ADC". Depending on the size of your case, the court will allow 90 or 120 days to complete discovery.

4. All Discovery Closure Date August 1.

During the discovery phase of the case you will answer interrogatories which are written questions about your injury, medical bills and other damages. You will appear for a deposit which is oral questions about your how the accident happened, injury and medical bills.

5. Arbitration October 1.

The arbitration is basically a mini-trial where your case is heard by a panel of three attorney. You must appear along with the at-fault party to testify about the facts of the damages. Based on the testimony and other evidence in a document called a Rule 90 (c) package, a decision will be made by the arbitrators about how much they think your case is worth.

6. Acceptance or Rejection Period October 30.

After the arbitrators enter an award in your favor or the defendant's favor, each side is given 30 days to accept or reject the award of the arbitrators by filing a rejection with the court and filing a fee.

7. Judgment on the Award December 1.

If the award is accepted, at the hearing for the Judgment on Award a sentence is entered and the case is dismissed. If the plaintiffiff was awarded money the process for obtaining a settlement draft will take place, if it has not do so already.

Approximately 50% of cases settle after the arbitration.

If the award is rejected, approximately three weeks later, the matter is set for trial status before a trial judge.

8. December 22, Trial Setting.

If your case does not settle, then the case will be sent to a trial judge approximately three weeks after the Judgment on Award. At the Trial setting your case will be set for trial at a time convenient for the parties and available to the judge.

If you have been injured in an accident, contact us now to find out your rights.

Film Selection 2017 Florida Film Festival

26th Annual Florida Film Festival, made Enzian Theater and performed throughout Central Florida each April, offers about 200 feature-length and short films from countries all over the world, in the annex to the eminent guests, special events, film festival, and parties. This year's festival includes films competing in the narrative features and documentaries, as well as special screenings, food international films, northern, family programming and movies Florida. A small sample of the films is shown below.


Anne Hathaway and Jason Sudeikis star in this sci-fi comedy, in which the effect of shallow party girl back to his hometown after the break with her boyfriend, one way or another, related to the giant monster attacking people in Seoul, South Korea. Match reconnect with a childhood friend of Gloria Elementary School (now the bar owner who hires her as a waitress) helps to identify the origin of this strange supernatural with the & # 39; waking. In the center of Var & # 39; yatstva, Gloria (Hathaway) and Oscar (Sudeikis) each project its own version of the mind: it has a problem with attachments; he has a problem with the units. Together they have a disaster in the heart of the disaster film. Mixing comedy, drama, memoirs and sci-fi effects, this genre mix mixing provides an interesting story with touching analogies potential monsters within each of us. Directed by Nacho Vigalondo. Also stars Stowell, Tim Blake Nelson, Dan Stevens. Operating time: 110 min. MPAA Rating: R (for language). 3.5 / fifth

Honky Tonk Heaven: The legend of torn Spoke

This funny documentary about Austin, Texas Honky Tonk celebrates its 50th anniversary of the screens in the program Music Sidebar. Broken Spoke, owned and run by husband and wife team James and Annetta White welcomed the biggest names in country music to perform at his modest stage for both locals and tourists from all over the world. Advocates are quick to point out that a broken spoke entirely cool dance hall, where customers get out or concert hall where people come only to listen. It Honky Tonk, where the musicians begin to play music, so people can dance for hours on end. Known for its authentic Texas atmosphere, long tradition of country music groups exclusively, steak and chicken (using Annetta family recipe), it is well known institution remains unchanged against the background of rapidly developing city around it. Fun film explores the music, the food, something & # 39; w, culture and history of broken Spoke. Directed by Sam Wainwright Douglas and Brenda Mitchell. Star something & # 39; White and dozens of countries and music stars, including Willie Nelson and Dale Watson. Working time: 75 minutes. 3/5.

Kid circus

Actor and director Lorenzo Pisoni looks back on his life growing up in his father's circus, brine Family Circus, in this moving documentary. car & # 39; EPA Lorenzo began at the age of two years old when he wandered in a circle during the performance. From there, he learned clowning by his father, Larry, and for several years they were clowning partners, performing crowd-pleasing Pinocchio-inspired act, where the father wants his puppet to become a real boy. Pickle Family Circus, which included Lorenzo's mother and step-sister, who performed all over the country during the 1970s and 1980s. Now a successful actor in film, television and theater, Lorenzo sees his childhood, and the events preceding the departure of the circus, Larry and family disintegration & # 39; and Pisoni. Kid circus with & # 39 is part of the behind the scenes of show business and part personal essay. Using archival material and current interviews & # 39; nd other former singers Pickle Family Circus, to get the full story, this film offers a few laughs and even a few tearful moments. Directed by Lorenzo Pisoni. Also stars Bill Irwin and Geoff Hoyle. Executive producer Daniel Radcliffe and John Ham. Operating time: 71 minutes. 4/5.

My Entire High School plunging into the sea

In its southeastern Premiere is animated screens particular narrative in the American independent competition. It comes with a warning for those with epilepsy that colorful strobe-like effects can cause seizures. Best suited for viewers in their teens and 20s, is an original creation of mixed media graphic novelist Dash Shaw literally reflects the drama surrounding the entire high school (built on a fault line, and not to the code), dive into the sea after the earthquake. Dash and his best friend Asaf round eccentric assortment of living and try to get to the roof of the building, so that they can be saved. Images of severed limbs and students swept into the sea can be disturbing at times, but the abundance of humor keeps things get too heavy. School policies, first love, and the bonds of friendship with the & # 39 is one of the themes explored briefly amid the chaos in this unusual film (with the support of outstanding vocal talents), where the style gets a higher grade than the substance. Directed by Dash Shaw. Stars voice talents of Jason Schwartzman, Reggie Watts, Lena Dunham, Maya Ruldolph, Susan Sarandon, Alex Karovsky, John Cameron Mitchell. Working time: 75 minutes. MPAA Rating: PG-thirteen 3/5.

Rumble: Indians Who Shook the World

This ambitious documentary traces the Indian influence on rock 'n' roll, blues and folk music. Spanning decades in time and location throughout the country (including some scenes in Toronto, Canada) and is filled with interesting historical information, the film contains profiles of almost a dozen musicians of Indian origin, starting with Link Wray, whose notorious 1958 instrumental hit "Rumble» banned radio -this his perceived ability to incite violence The use of live interviews & # 39;. nd for the film (Stevie Salas, Robbie Robertson, Tony Bennett, Iggy Pop, Slash, Steven Tyler, Buffy Sainte-Marie, the Taj Mahal, Martin Scorsese and Mr. .d.), in addition to archival Institute Turvey & # 39; nd and live footage, the filmmakers provide a broad picture of the evolving music scene and how it relates to Indian history and culture comprehensive on & # 39;. The scope of research and the obvious good intentions to bring the little information known to the general public, make this an important film for all music lovers Director Catherine Bainbridge and Alfonso Maiorana Hours:.. 103 minutes 4/5..

For a complete list of films, or learn more about the festival in Florida film, visit the official website.

GLBT dual diagnosis treatment program in Florida

Gay treatment programs for drug addiction or drug treatment program GLBT finally started with & # 39; to appear in Florida. I think that & # 39 is a testament to the progressive rehabilitation programs approach drug in Florida taken in recognition of GLBT population describes the choice as to the kind of drug treatment they would like. For some, such as services for drug treatment is offered in drug rehab does not matter, while others would like to access to gay-friendly drug rehab programs in Florida. What is most important is that today there is a gay-friendly programs drug treatment in Florida, along with gay friendly alcohol treatment center in Florida. Now the question arises about the gay friendly software dual diagnosis treatment in Florida.

Dual diagnosis treatment program in Florida for LGBT

There are a number of treatment programs for dual diagnosis in Florida that provide excellent treatment for dual diagnosis. They can be placed in a rehabilitation program for drug, alcohol rehabilitation program or in the hospital itself. Unfortunately, many of these treatment programs for dual diagnosis addiction treatment is not offered, or dual diagnosis treatment services for gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people. Gay dual diagnosis treatment program in Florida or gay friendly dual diagnosis treatment program in Florida is still very limited, regardless of need.

GLBT and dual diagnosis in Florida

Studies have shown that the incidence of drug, alcohol and mental health problems is higher among GLBT population than the heterosexual population. In addition, the population of GLBT in Florida is one of the largest in the country. So why are so few, GLBT dual diagnosis treatment program in Florida? The question for people is much smaller than I. All I can say is that we are fortunate to have a nationally recognized gay dual diagnosis treatment program in Florida. This is called Freedom Rings.

If you are looking for gay friendly dual treatment program diagnosed in Florida, go www.gay-rehab.com addictional for information. If you want to help in the search for GLBT program dual diagnosis treatment in an area near you, go www.recoveryconnection.org or a national call line dual treatment diagnosis 1-800-511-9225 , For those of you worried or dual diagnosis treatment program is gay or not, we recommend www.steppingstonecenter.org

Boat Repair – Southern Illinois Dock Offers The Best!

There are several major boat repair specialists in southern Illinois that you may call to help when it is time to do some repairs on your boat dock. Some of the professionals would provide you with a variety of fantastic services, including a large customer service, affordable prices and a great finish to look at the wharf. Still others may not give that part or all of the above mentioned things for you.

We know how important the dock is to your boat, and since it must be serviced by the most professional person or persons you can afford to employ. To take the time to make the apt preparations when you have found the right guy for the job. There are a lot of Illinois Boat docks repair specialists you can get, though.

When you need the boat dock repaired, choose the best dock repair specialists and you can do so by knowing what they can give you in terms of services, and what it would cost to get the entire work done. If you are calling a person who needs to undertake a sort of a long journey, it is relevant whether they would be charging to go to your place of residence.

It is also good to know what's wrong with the boat dock, as far as you can, before calling someone to undertake the repairs. When you know this you can really provide some accurate information when you call in the specialists. There are a range of companies that can meet your specific needs when you know exactly what needs to be done.

What if you do not know what needs to be done, or are not sure what the real problem is? In such cases, it is definitely necessary and beneficial to have a company to go out and provide you with an estimate or a quote on the project. A good Southern Illinois boat dock repair business will be more than willing to do it for you because it will allow them to provide you with a cost estimate and it will determine all the benefits they can bring. You have to compare what many companies may have to offer before choosing one department to provide for you.

When renting a boat Southern Illinois dock repair business, investing time and money in the pursuit of the company is not a bad idea at all. The more time that you spend looking for the right man for the job, chances are you will find him! Do not be in a hurry to get the job done. Plan the repairs well in advance of your next boat outing, and all should be fine.

Burglary and theft: The Law In Florida

If you are convinced of an offense of burglary or theft in Florida, you might come across some life changing consequences. Even if the theft or the theft does not cause any physical harm to another person, it will still be considered as suras & # 39; and the serious nature of the State of Florida has some very serious & # 39; severe penalties for those who are deprived. It is important to hire a good criminal lawyer to fight any charges brought against you.

Types of burglary and theft Crimses in Florida

The following list includes the different types of charges that are considered to be off in this category in accordance with Florida law.

property theft All violations that involve the theft of any kind of property would fall under this category. Then further classified based on the value of the property, which was accepted. So anything that costs more than $ 300, that & # 39 is a criminal offense, and the amount will determine the category of a criminal offense, which then decide on the & # 39; the amount of dispatch, which must be given to man.

Possession of stolen property Any person who sells or intends to traffic in property that they know, stolen, commits an offense and is considered to be quite a serious & # 39; oznym proposal. Possession of stolen property with the & # 39 is a crime of the second degree.

shoplifting While you are doing of course that shoplifting only includes stealing that definition is actually much more accurate and includes a number of other things, like deleting or changing labels, code and price tag, passing the product to another container, or by removing the basket in order to increase the owner vase .

waste : Theft when a person takes someone else & # 39, S money or property through abuse of trust positions or job assignment. This is usually not a violent crime and is considered a & # 39; white collar & # 39; crime. For example, if the top managers of companies of cash deposits to its own account for his personal use, it would mean wasting.

theft : Theft can be a petty theft or theft. In both cases we are talking about taking the property of another person without their proper consent and with the intention to save people from the use or ownership of the property. If the property is worth less than $ 300 it falls into the small category yet nothing higher than this is a great theft.

Credit card fraud : Lying on a person in order to make them part with something of value, based on a lie is called fraud. Thus, in the case of credit cards, this fraud could be either through the Internet by getting a person & # 39; s credit card information online without their consent or through personal contact with the person, and then use this information for personal gain is illegal.

Understanding the Foreclosure Process in Illinois

To understand the foreclosure process in Illinois you will need some specific information how that process works. The foreclosure process in Illinois is handled by the judicial court system on an individual case basis. A decision on a foreclosure case can rarely be acquired short of 3 months, and that assumes that any named defendants are served on the first attempt to deliver the summons, and assuming the defendant(s) don’t contest it. Because of the ninety day reinstatement period beginning from the date the summons was served, a judgment can’t be entered before that date. Because of the statutory redemption periods, a sale cannot happen anywhere from thirty to ninety days from the date the judgment of foreclosure is registered. The court can increase the redemption period on a depending on the case.

The first step of the foreclosure process in Illinois is the pre-foreclosure procedure. Prior to a mortgage company foreclosing on a borrower, a title search should be done. All liens that seem senior to the bank’s lien needs to be dealt with before the foreclosure, or the buyer at the sale will acquire the home subject with senior lien attached to the property. All other lien holders are required to be named as defendants in the bank’s foreclosure suit to guarantee that the title of the property is free and clear of liens for the foreclosure auction.

The second step is the recording of a Complaint to Foreclose Mortgage. When a property owner defaults on his loan agreement the lender can record a Complaint to Foreclose Mortgage with the court. The Complaint is then served on the borrower and all named defendants in the complaint. If a defendant can’t be located, Illinois law provides for service by publication. Once a summons is received, a defendant has 30 days to record an answer with the court. If the defendant(s) fails to file an answer, the court will record an order of default if requested by the lender filing the Complaint. If the property owner or other lien holder can file an Answer contesting the foreclosure, the case then can be brought to litigation and possible trial by those involved with the case.

When the mortgage company receives a favorable judgment the property owner gets a statutory ninety day redemption period prior to the property going to auction. This statutory period can be reduced by the court if the property in question is deserted. The court can also reach a decision allowing for the redemption period to be lengthened.

Step 3 of the Illinois foreclosure process is the Sheriff’s Sale. The date of the sale needs to occur after the redemption period has ended. A Notice of Sheriff’s Sale is then placed in a newspaper located the county where the property is situated once a week for 3 consecutive weeks. A period of 7 days must pass after the final notice of sale is published, at which time a Sheriff’s Sale is held. The lender selects the starting bid price, which is usually the full loan amount owed on the property. The property is awarded to the highest bidder and receives a Certificate of Purchase.

After a sale occurs, the officer in charge of the auction has to file a Report of Sale within ten days of the sale. At this point a Motion to Confirm Sale must then be filed and the sale confirmed by the court. The final step is a Sheriff’s Deed is supplied upon the ratification of the court.

These 3 steps are the basics to understanding the foreclosure process in Illinois. Keep in mind that all the court proceedings will be from and with your county courthouse where you reside.